Jiří Grúz

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Plant hormones act as chemical messengers in the regulation of myriads of physiological processes that occur in plants. To date, nine groups of plant hormones have been identified and more will probably be discovered. Furthermore, members of each group may participate in the regulation of physiological responses in planta both alone and in concert with(More)
Eckol, a major phenolic compound isolated from brown seaweed significantly enhanced the bulb size and bioactive compounds in greenhouse-grown Eucomis autumnalis. We investigated the effect of eckol and phloroglucinol (PG) (phenolic compounds) isolated from the brown seaweed, Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss on the growth, phytochemical and auxin content(More)
Cytokinins, auxins, abscisic acid, gibberellins (GAs) and brassinosteroids (BRs) as well as the phenolic acid content in three batches of vermicompost leachate (VCL) were quantified using ultra high performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. N 6-isopentenyladenine formed the major (60 %) proportion of the CK content while dihydrozeatin had(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the carry-over effect of cytokinins (CKs) on phytochemical and antioxidant activity of acclimatized plants, tissue culture-derived Merwilla plumbea supplemented with three CK types at four (0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 µM) concentrations were grown for 6 months ex vitro. Phenolic acids including the hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acid(More)
Polyphenol oxidases (PPOs) are copper-binding enzymes of the plant secondary metabolism that oxidize polyphenols to quinones. Although PPOs are nearly ubiquitous in seed plants, knowledge on their evolution and function in other plant groups is missing. This study reports on the PPO gene family in the moss Physcomitrella patens (Hedw.) B.S.G. asan example(More)
In the search for new, safe, and natural sources as antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, eight seaweeds were collected from the intertidal region in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and screened. Their total phenolic, flavonoid, and condensed tannin contents were determined, and the specific phenolic acids were identified. The highest total(More)
The genus Linum includes more than 230 globally distributed species, which have attracted great interest as they grow rapidly and are already sources of commercially important products, e.g. flax and linseed oil. Furthermore, they contain lignans such as podophyllotoxin (PTOX), deoxypodophyllotoxin (a precursor of both PTOX and 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin, the(More)
Achyranthes aspera Linn. (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as Prickly Chaff flower (English) is traditionally used for treating a number of ailments. Different parts of the plant are used in treating wounds and ringworm in East Africa and elsewhere for a number of ailments. In this study, leaf extracts of A. aspera collected from two different geographical(More)
The effect of a seaweed-derived biostimulant (Kelpak® at 1, 2.5 and 5 % dilution; v/v) on the growth, endogenous cytokinin (CK) and phytochemical content in Eucomis autumnalis (Mill.) Chitt. under hydroponic conditions was evaluated. After 4 months, the stimulatory effect of Kelpak® treatments was more noticeable in the underground organs than in the aerial(More)
Since their discovery in the 1950s, cytokinins (CKs) have become integral, almost indispensable, components of plant growth media in in vitro propagation. However, despite the extensive use of exogenous CKs in plant tissue culture systems, there is a paucity of knowledge on the longevity of their physiological effect post in vitro. The objective of this(More)