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We identified home characteristics associated with the level of airborne endotoxin in 111 Boston-area homes enrolled in a cohort study of home exposures and childhood asthma, and we developed a predictive model to estimate airborne endotoxin. We measured endotoxin in family-room air and in dust from the baby's bed, family room, bedroom, and kitchen floor.(More)
We examined endotoxin exposure and wheezing episodes during the first year of life in a birth cohort of 499 infants with one or both parents having a history of asthma or allergy. We measured endotoxin in settled dust from the baby's bed, bedroom floor, family room, and kitchen floor within the first 3 mo after birth. The primary outcomes were any wheeze(More)
To characterize the seasonal variability of endotoxin levels, we measured endotoxin in dust from the bed, bedroom floor, and kitchen floor in 20 homes, and in air from the bedroom in 15 of the homes. All homes were located in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, area and were sampled each month from April 1995 to June 1996. Outdoor air was collected at two(More)
Studies suggest that endotoxin levels in offices and homes may be associated with sick building syndrome or increased asthma severity. However, reported endotoxin levels in these studies were highly inconsistent, suggesting incompatible measurements from various laboratories. Therefore, an investigation of Limulus assay for endotoxin in house dust was(More)
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using a quadrupole instrument and GC-tandem MS (GC-MS-MS) using an ion trap instrument were applied to determine 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH FAs) with 10-18 carbon chain lengths, specific components of the endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) of Gram-negative bacteria, in 30 house dust samples. The two methods(More)
Let G be a compact connected Lie group which is equipped with a bi-invariant Riemannian metric. Let m(x, y) = xy be the multiplication operator. We show the associated fibration m : G × G → G is a Riemannian submersion with totally geodesic fibers and we study the spectral geometry of this submersion. We show the pull back of eigenforms on the base have(More)
We study the asymptotics of the heat trace Tr{f P e −tP 2 } where P is an operator of Dirac type, where f is an auxiliary smooth smearing function which is used to localize the problem, and where we impose spectral boundary conditions. Using functorial techniques and special case calculations, the boundary part of the leading coefficients in the asymptotic(More)
Okumura gave a necessary and sufficient condition for an oriented real hypersurface of a Kähler manifold to be a contact metric manifold with respect to the naturally induced almost contact metric structure. In this paper, we discuss an oriented hypersurface of a quasi Kähler manifold and give a necessary and sufficient condition for such a hypersurface to(More)