Jh Leal-Cardoso

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It has been widely observed that Pi decreases maximum calcium-activated force (Fmax) and calcium sensitivity of skinned skeletal and cardiac muscle. However, whether a particular ionic species of Pi (i.e., H2PO4-) is responsible for these effects is controversial. To clarify this issue, we examined the influence of Pi and its structural analogue arsenate(More)
1. The effects of the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCN) and its major constituent, 1,8-cineole, on the compound action potential (CAP) of nerve were investigated. 2. Experiments were performed in sciatic nerves dissected from Wistar rats, mounted in a moist chamber and stimulated at a frequency of 0.2 Hz, with electric pulses of 100 micros(More)
The authors have reviewed the pharmacological studies done with essential oils obtained in the state of Ceará, in Northeast of Brazil, from 15 species of aromatic plants, some of which are native to the phytogeographic semiarid region characteristic of the Northeast, the "caatingas". These studies have dealt with the effect of these oils on muscle(More)
Experiments tested the hypothesis that hypotensive effects of intravenous (i.v.) treatment with the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCN) result from its vasodilatory effects directly upon vascular smooth muscle. In both deoxycorticosterone-acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive and uninephrectomised control, conscious rats, i.v. bolus injections of EOCN(More)
Mentha x villosa Huds (Labiatae) is an aromatic herb widely used in folk medicine. Since the essential oil of the herb has many pharmacological activities, including antispasmodic effects, we determined whether the oil and its major constituent, piperitenone oxide (PO), have antinociceptive activity. The essential oil of M. x villosa (EOMV) and PO(More)
Various essential oils are rich in carvacrol, a monoterpenic phenol isomeric with thymol. This study was undertaken to assess the vasorelaxant effects of thymol and carvacrol in rat isolated aorta and the putative mechanisms underlying these effects. Thymol and carvacrol produced a concentration-dependent relaxation on the aortic ring preparations(More)
The effects of methyleugenol (ME) on guinea-pig isolated ileum were studied. ME reversibly relaxed basal tonus (EC50 of 52.2 +/- 18.3 microM), an action unaltered by 0.5 microM tetrodotoxin or 0.5 mM hexamethonium, and relaxed the ileum pre-contracted with 60 mM KCl. ME slightly hyperpolarized the ileum from -57.3 to -62.8 mV but had no effect in(More)
Cardiovascular effects of intravenous (i.v.) treatment with the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCN) were investigated in rats. Additionally, this study examined the importance of the autonomic nervous system in mediation of the EOCN-induced changes in mean aortic pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). In both pentobarbitone-anaesthetised and conscious(More)
The essential oil of Croton zehntneri Pax et Hoffm. (EOCZ) contains anethole (42%) and estragole (46%), two isomers that share some chemical structural similarities with capsaicin. The present study investigated the cardiovascular effects of EOCZ and the role of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerve fibres in the mediation of these effects in anaesthetized(More)
Cardiovascular effects of intravenous (i. v.) treatment with the essential oil of Mentha x villosa (EOMV) were investigated in pentobarbitone-anaesthetised rats. Additionally this study examines whether the major constituent of EOMV, piperitenone oxide (PO), is the active principle mediating EOMV-induced changes in mean aortic pressure (MAP) and heart rate(More)