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The frequency and quality of brain abnormalities in panic disorder (PD) were assessed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The use of electroencephalography (EEG) to detect PD patients with a high probability of morphologic brain abnormalities was also explored. Consecutive PD patients (n = 120) were screened with routine EEG examinations and were divided(More)
In previous papers relative signal intensity increase was used as a quantitative assessment parameter for contrast uptake in contrast-enhanced MRI. However, relative signal intensity increase does not only reflect contrast uptake but depends also on tissue parameters (native T1 relaxation time) and sequence parameters (repetition time and flip angle); thus,(More)
MRI was used to study possible morphological changes in the visual system in 12 patients suffering from congenital blindness of peripheral (ocular) origin. While their optical pathways showed degeneration, hypoplasia or atrophy in 7 out of 12 cases, the occipital cortex appeared normal in all cases. This dissociation between afferent pathways and the cortex(More)
Thirty-eight patients with biochemically proven Wilson's disease underwent magnetic resonance-imaging (MRI) of the brain as well as neurological examinations. The patients were scanned using spin-echo (SE) sequences; the neurologist was looking for typical symptoms: dysarthria, tremor, ataxia, rigidity/bradykinesia and chorea/dystonia. Pathological MR(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A strong correlation exists between the intensity of atherosclerotic alterations in different arteries. Marked differences exist, however, in the age and sex distribution and risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD). We therefore performed genetic and immunologic studies in patients with CVD. (More)
The neurocognitive features of juvenile-onset Huntington disease (HD) are not well understood. We present three patients with onset of HD symptoms before age 10 years in whom speech delay was the first symptom. Speech delay predated motor symptoms by at least 2 years, and language function was consistently impaired on formal testing. Screening for speech(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of short-inversion-time inversion-recovery (STIR) sequences in assessment of brain maturation. METHODS Twenty-seven infants and young children with normal neurologic development were examined by 1.5-T MR using a circularly polarized head coil. Axial T1-weighted and T2-weighted and spin-echo and STIR images were obtained.(More)
Fifty-one patients with 59 angiographically proven cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were examined by high-field MRI to detect blood breakdown products. Results were correlated with the history of intracranial bleeding. Evidence of previous episodes of haemorrhage was seen in 10 of 12 patients (83.3%) with verified bleeding, in 4 of 9 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke incidence and mortality are disproportionately higher among African Americans than among whites. OBJECTIVE To describe the recurrent stroke characteristics and determine the predictability of known vascular risk factors for stroke recurrence in African Americans. METHODS The authors followed 1,809 African Americans in the(More)