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Cisplatin is a platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent that induces peripheral neuropathy in 30% of patients. Peripheral neuropathy is the dose limiting side effect, which has no preventative therapy. We have previously shown that cisplatin induces apoptosis in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) sensory neurons by covalently binding to nuclear DNA (nDNA), resulting(More)
Bortezomib is part of a newer class of chemotherapeutic agents whose mechanism of action is inhibition of the proteasome-ubiquitination system. Primarily used in multiple myeloma, bortezomib causes a sensory-predominant axonal peripheral neuropathy in approximately 30% of patients. There are no established useful preventative agents for bortezomib-induced(More)
We have developed a novel model system in Drosophila melanogaster to study chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity in adult flies. Neurological deficits were measured using a manual geotactic climbing assay. The manual assay is commonly used; however, it is laborious, time-consuming, subject to human error and limited to observing one sample at a time. We have(More)
Assembly of the extracellular matrix (ECM) has been tightly linked to compact myelin formation in the peripheral nervous system. We recently demonstrated that myelination of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) axons by Schwann cells may occur in the absence of basal lamina. We have now determined whether laminin deposition occurs around myelinating SC, even though(More)
We have demonstrated that myelination of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) axons occurs in a fully defined, serum-free medium (B27). This implies that there may be components in B27 medium that support myelination. To determine which of the components in B27 were essential for myelination, we systematically removed components from B27 until myelination was lost.(More)
We determined whether suramin neurotoxicity can be prevented by nerve growth factor (NGF) and if this interaction occurs at the level of the NGF receptor. Neurite outgrowth from rat dorsal root ganglia in vitro was measured serially in the presence of suramin (100-600 microM) alone or with beta-NGF (50-1,000 ng/ml). Competitive NGF receptor-binding studies(More)
The PC12 cell line may be used as a model of NGF-induced neuronal differentiation. Exposure to NGF is accompanied by extension of neurites, cessation of growth and differentiation into cells resembling sympathetic neurons. In this study neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells was induced in serum-free, NGF-free medium conditions. Neurite outgrowth in serum-free(More)
Assembly of extracellular collagen fibrils and Schwann cell basal lamina has previously been identified as a prerequisite for compact myelin formation in the peripheral nervous system. Synthesis of this extracellular matrix (ECM) in vitro required the presence of serum and ascorbic acid. Using rat embryonic dorsal root ganglion neurons and Schwann cells, we(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) rescues dorsal root ganglion neurons and PC12 cells from cisplatin-induced cell death. Two model systems were used to demonstrate that rescue is mediated through the high affinity NGF receptor. In dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from p75(-/-) and control mice, 20 ng/ml NGF completely prevented cisplatin-induced death.(More)
Using dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRG), in vitro, we studied the effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) on a toxin extracted from ethylene oxide (EO) sterilized hemodialyzers. Tissue culture medium passed through dialyzers produced beading of DRG axons that was inhibited by increasing the concentration of NGF from 3.5 to 10 ng/ml. The antioxidant enzymes,(More)