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The biological effects of VIP are mediated by at least two VIP receptors: the VIP1 and the VIP2 receptors that were cloned in rat, human and mice. As the mRNA coding for each receptor are located in different tissues, it is likely that each receptor modulates different functions. It is therefore of interest to obtain selective agonists for each receptor(More)
RO 25-1553 is a synthetic VIP analogue that induced a long-lasting relaxation of tracheal and bronchial smooth muscles as well as a reduction of edema and eosinophilic mobilization during pulmonary anaphylaxis. In the present study, we tested in vitro the capacity of RO 25-1553 to occupy the different VIP/PACAP receptor subclasses and to stimulate adenylate(More)
Stearyl vasoactive intestinal polypeptide has been reported to be a VIP (vasoactive intestinal polypeptide) receptor agonist of high potency with an original bioavailability and action. We synthesized three fatty acyl derivatives, myristyl-, palmityl- and stearyl-[Nle17]VIP, and tested their capacity to recognize recombinant rat- and human VIP1- and(More)
Having previously isolated helodermin, the major peptide like vasoactive-intestinal-peptide and peptide-histidine-isoleucinamide, from the venom of the lizard Heloderma suspectum, we decided on a systematic exploration of all (VIP-PHI)-like peptides present in the venom of another lizard of the Helodermatidae family: Heloderma horridum. Six (VIP-PHI)-like(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) analogues were tested for their ability to occupy the recombinant selective PACAP receptors (PACAP type I receptor) or the non-selective PACAP-vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) receptors (PACAP type II, VIP1 and VIP2 receptors) stably transfected and expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)(More)
The calmodulin-dependent cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase and cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase (EC activity of rat pancreas was purified 280-fold by affinity chromatography on calmodulin-Sepharose 4B. It then accounted for 15% of the total cytosol cyclic GMP nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity, in the presence of Ca2+, and represented a minor component(More)
1. Five increasingly anionic variants (Pa1-Pa5) of Ca2+-dependent phospholipase A2 were purified to homogeneity from the venom of the lizard Heloderma suspectum (Gila monster). The purification procedure was based on semi-preparative reverse-phase HPLC followed by anion-exchange HPLC and analytical reverse-phase HPLC. 2. Their Mr were 17,000-18,000, as(More)
A major form of rat secretin was purified to homogeneity from small intestine, being detected with a porcine secretin radioimmunoassay throughout 7 chromatographic steps. The sequence of the heptacosapeptide amide H-S-D-G-T-F-T-S-E-L-S-R-L-Q-D-S-A-R-L-Q-R-L-L-Q-G-L-V-NH2 shows that rat secretin has a glutamine residue in position 14 instead of arginine as(More)