Jesus Garcia-Diaz

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Calcium entry through voltage-dependent channels play a critical role in neuronal development. Using patch-clamp techniques we have identified the components of the macroscopic Ca2+ current in acutely-isolated chick cochlear ganglion neurons and analysed their functional expression throughout embryonic development. With Ba2+ as a charge carrier, the(More)
The sodium-selective ligand 1,1,1-tris[1(1)-(2(1)-oxa-4(1)-oxo-5(1)-aza-5(1)-methyl)dodecanyl]propane dissolved in 3-nitro-o-xylene containing a small amount of the lipophilic anion tetrachlorophenyl borate was used as a liquid ion-exchanger in sodium-selective microelectrodes. The microelectrodes gave rapid, stable responses that were linear functions of(More)
Intracellular Na+, K+, and Cl- activities (aiNa, aiK, aiCl) and transapical membrane potentials (V0) were measured with liquid ion-exchanger and open-tip microelectrodes in isolated short-circuited frog skins (R. pipiens) incubated at 23 degrees C in normal amphibian Ringer's solution. Under control conditions aiNa = 14 +/- 3 mM, aiK = 132 +/- 10 mM and(More)
Cell K activity, acK, was measured in the short-circuited frog skin by simultaneous cell punctures from the apical surface with open-tip and K-selective microelectrodes. Strict criteria for acceptance of impalements included constancy of the open-tip microelectrode resistance, agreement within 3% of the fractional apical voltage measured with open-tip and(More)
Knowledge of the voltage dependencies of apical and basolateral conductances is important in determining the factors that regulate transcellular transport. To gain this knowledge it is necessary to distinguish between cellular and paracellular currents and conductances. This is generally done by sequentially measuring transepithelial current/voltage (It/Vt)(More)
The epithelial and cellular effects of clamping the transepithelial potential (Vt, mucosa reference) have been investigated in the Necturus gallbladder. Following initial equilibration at short circuit, tissue conductance gt was 4.1 +/- 1.2 (SD) mS/cm2, the apical potential Va was -76 +/- 8 mV, and the apical fractional voltage on brief voltage perturbation(More)
Neurons of the cochlear ganglion are endowed with a set of voltage-gated ion channels that enable them to encode and transmit sound information from the cochlear receptors to the brain. The temporal expression pattern of the K+ currents in chick cochlear ganglion neurons during embryonic development was analyzed using whole-cell voltage clamp techniques. In(More)
In voltage-clamped epithelia the cell membrane potential transient during a + 10-mV transepithelial pulse conforms to the expected behavior for a series combination of two linear resistance-capacitance (RC) circuits. The evolution of the cell potential is characterized by a single time constant with values of 30-130 ms in frog skin and Necturus gallbladder.(More)
Whole-cell and single channel currents were studied in cells from frog (R. pipiens and R. catesbiana) skin epithelium, isolated by collagenase and trypsin treatment, and kept in primary cultures up to three days. Whole-cell currents did not exhibit any significant time-dependent kinetics under any ionic conditions used. With an external K gluconate Ringer(More)