Jesus G Vallejo

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Production of proinflammatory cytokines contributes to cardiac dysfunction during ischemia-reperfusion. The principal mechanism responsible for the induction of this innate stress response during periods of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion remains unknown. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a highly conserved pattern recognition receptor that has been implicated(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms responsible for sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction remain undefined. CD14 mediates the inflammatory response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in various organs including the heart. In this study we investigated the role of CD14 in LPS-induced myocardial dysfunction in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Wild-type and CD14-deficient(More)
Our current understanding of the pathogenesis of sepsis suggests that bacteria as well as bacterial-derived products activate an uncontrolled network of host-derived mediators such as proinflammatory cytokines (ie, tumor necrosis factor [TNF] and interleukin [IL]-1beta), which can ultimately lead to cardiovascular collapse and death. Despite the potentially(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus sepsis is associated with significant myocardial dysfunction. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) mediates the inflammatory response to S aureus and may trigger an innate immune response in the heart. We hypothesized that a TLR2 deficiency would attenuate S aureus-induced cardiac proinflammatory mediator production and the(More)
Bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide) depresses cardiovascular function; however, the mediators and signaling pathways that are responsible for the negative inotropic effects of lipopolysaccharide are not fully known. We used RNA interference to determine the relative role of tumor necrosis factor with respect to mediating the negative inotropic effects(More)
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