Learn More
Men have persistently had a several-fold higher suicide rate than women. In this study of 204 consecutive suicides, the authors examined three areas in which the men differed from the women. Men used more violent, immediately lethal methods of suicide, were almost three times more likely to be substance abusers, and were more likely to have economic(More)
BACKGROUND Deficits in reading airment (SLI), Down syndrome (DS) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS In this review (based on a search of the ISI Web of Knowledge database to 2011), the Simple View of Reading is used as a framework for considering reading comprehension in these groups. CONCLUSIONS There is substantial evidence for reading(More)
Reading comprehension is an area of difficulty for many individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). According to the Simple View of Reading, word recognition and oral language are both important determinants of reading comprehension ability. We provide a novel test of this model in 100 adolescents with ASD of varying intellectual ability. Further, we(More)
In this review, the Simple View of Reading is used as a framework for considering reading comprehension in children and adolescents with specific language impairment (SLI), Down syndrome (DS) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Deficits in reading comprehension have been reported in each group and reading comprehension is typically more impaired than word(More)
Understanding how we read is a fundamental question for psychology, with critical implications for education. Studies of word reading tend to focus on the mappings between the written and spoken forms of words. In this paper, we review evidence from developmental, neuroimaging, neuropsychological, and computational studies that show that knowledge of word(More)
BACKGROUND Although it is well-established that children with language impairment (LI) and children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) both show elevated levels of emotional and behavioural problems, the level and types of difficulties across the two groups have not previously been directly compared. AIMS To compare levels of emotional and behavioural(More)
This experiment investigated whether children with specific language impairment (SLI), children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and typically developing children benefit from the incidental presence of orthography when learning new oral vocabulary items. Children with SLI, children with ASD, and typically developing children (n=27 per group) between 8(More)
We investigated the relationship between semantic knowledge and word reading. A sample of 27 6-year-old children read words both in isolation and in context. Lexical knowledge was assessed using general and item-specific tasks. General semantic knowledge was measured using standardized tasks in which children defined words and made judgments about the(More)
Five case examples are presented to illustrate the role of psychopharmacology in the treatment of patients diagnosed as Borderline Personality Disorders. The cases range from organic through affective and schizophrenic syndromes which are not infrequently at the "border" of personality disorders, and which often respond to specific pharmacologic(More)