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OBJECTIVES To identify the sentinel lymph node(s) (SLN[s]) (the first node[s] draining the primary tumor in the regional lymphatic basin) in patients with invasive breast cancer and to test the hypothesis that the histologic characteristics of the SLN predict the histologic characteristics of the remaining lymph nodes in the axilla. DESIGN A prospective(More)
PURPOSE The influence of tumor site, size, and extent of surgery on the survival of patients with glioblastoma multiforme treated on three consecutive prospectively randomized Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trials employing surgery and irradiation plus or minus chemotherapy was studied. METHODS AND MATERIALS Six hundred forty-five patients with a(More)
BACKGROUND Despite notable technical advances in therapy for malignant gliomas during the past decade, improved patient survival has not been clearly documented, suggesting that pretreatment prognostic factors influence outcome more than minor modifications in therapy. Age, performance status, and tumor histopathology have been identified as the(More)
The prognostic effect of weight loss prior to chemotherapy was analyzed using data from 3,047 patients enrolled in 12 chemotherapy protocols of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. The frequency of weight loss ranged from 31 percent for favorable non-Hodgkin's lymphoma to 87 percent in gastric cancer. Median survival was significantly shorter in nine(More)
BACKGROUND Capecitabine is an oral, tumor-targeted fluoropyrimidine carbamate with high activity in metastatic breast carcinoma and in paclitaxel-pretreated metastatic breast carcinoma. METHODS The current multicenter, Phase II trial assessed the efficacy and safety of intermittent oral capecitabine, 1255 mg/m(2) twice daily (2 weeks of treatment followed(More)
103 patients with the diagnosis of AAF were identified from the RT/BCNU arms of 3 RTOG malignant glioma trials. Pre-treatment tumor size was less than 5 cm for 48% and greater than or equal to 5 cm for 52%, and tumor sites were frontal lobe in 55%, temporal in 25%, and parietal in 16%. Surgery consisted of biopsy for 30%, partial resection for 56%, and(More)
Combination chemotherapy with methotrexate, bleomycin, and cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) was compared to weekly therapy with methotrexate alone in a randomized prospective trial in 163 patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cancer of the mucous membranes of the head and neck. The combination produced responses in 48% compared to 35% for(More)
The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) conducted a phase III trial in patients with malignant gliomas to evaluate 4 treatment arms: 1) 60 Gy to the whole brain; 2) 60 Gy plus 10-Gy boost; 3) 60 Gy plus carmustine (BCNU); and 4) 60 Gy plus semustine plus dacarbazine. Between September 1974 and March(More)