We sought to determine whether low-affinity, high-capacity mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake contributes to buffering physiological Ca2+ loads in sensory neurons. Intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and intracellular free hydrogen ion concentration ([H+]i) were measured in single rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons grown in primary culture using… (More)
The free intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) is governed by the balance between the activation of Ca2+ channels and buffering and efflux processes. We tested the hypothesis that Ca2+ efflux pathways are susceptible to modulation. The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used in combination with Indo-1-based microfluorometry to record Ca2+ current and… (More)
Mitochondria play a prominent role in shaping intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients in dorsal root ganglion neurons. Mitochondrial DNA polymerase is inhibited by antiviral compounds such as 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (ddC). Here, we test the hypothesis that ddC can alter mitochondrially mediated Ca2+ buffering in neurons. Chronic treatment of… (More)
A series of novel lipophilic amino alcohols, analogs of the anticholinergic drug vesamicol, were evaluated for Ca2+ channel blocking activity. The effects of these drugs on depolarization-induced intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients were examined in single NG108-15 cells and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in culture. [Ca2+] was… (More)
The Ca2+ channel blockade produced by omega-conotoxin GVIA (omega-CgTx) was studied in single, forskolin-differentiated, NG108-15 cells, using dual-emission microfluorimetry and the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Whole-cell currents through Ca2+ channels were measured with 5 mM Ba2+ as the charge carrier. Application of 1 microM nitrendipine inhibited by… (More)
Discontinuing nicotine intake usually results in weight gain partially due to heightened energy intake from between-meal snacks. This experiment tested the hypothesis that the reinforcing value of palatable carbohydrate-rich snacks increases for female smokers during nicotine deprivation. Eighteen smokers and 18 nonsmokers completed a concurrent-schedules… (More)
A case of lipoma of the right eighth cranial nerve in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) is presented. The patient had a clinical, diagnostic, surgical, and postoperative course similar to that of patients with other small CPA tumors. The literature on this rare CPA tumor is reviewed and discussed.
The use of a clinical utility index (CUI) was proposed in order to compare two calcium channel alpha2delta ligands that were in development for the treatment of insomnia. The important attributes included in the CUI were two measures of residual sedation and five measures of efficacy (wake after sleep onset, sleep quality, sleep latency, and sleep stages… (More)