Jessica Taubert

Learn More
Numerous studies have shown that familiarity strongly influences how well humans recognize faces. This is particularly true when faces are encountered across a change in viewpoint. In this situation, recognition may be accomplished by matching partial or incomplete information about a face to a stored representation of the known individual, whereas such(More)
People are very good at discriminating faces despite their gross similarity. Our ability to capitalize on the variance that exists between faces has been attributed to an adaptive face-coding system. Evidence from psychophysical adaptation paradigms has generally supported this view, although results from other paradigms have suggested alternative accounts.(More)
Human subjects build mental representations of facial identity that are "holistic." This has been clearly demonstrated with the composite effect where the representation of a whole face interferes with the recognition of features. Very few studies have sought evidence of holistic representations being built by nonhumans. This study tested captive,(More)
A large body of research supports the hypothesis that the human visual system does not process a face as a collection of separable facial features but as an integrated perceptual whole. One common assumption is that we quickly build holistic representations to extract useful second-order information provided by the variation between the faces of different(More)
A longstanding proposal is that primates, including humans, might have an innate representation of face structure. But, if humans have such a representation, how broad is its form: limited to coding conspecifics, or general enough to cover related species? The results reported here show adult humans process faces of chimpanzees in a way previously assumed(More)
Neurological experiments have revealed a complex network of areas in the human brain that respond more to faces than to other categories of objects and thus have been implemented in face categorization. The aim of this study was to investigate whether chimpanzees (n = 5), our closest living relatives, detect and categorize faces on the basis of first-order(More)
Composite stimuli are whole faces comprised of two halves taken from different individuals. When asked to decide if two identical top halves are the 'same', subjects are more accurate (or faster to respond) in misaligned trials, than in aligned trials. This performance advantage for misaligned trials is referred to as the composite face effect (CFE). The(More)
BACKGROUND Advance directives are associated with considerable controversy. The goal of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of critically ill patients with cancer who were admitted to the intensive care unit and who previously had executed an advance directive. The problems associated with interpreting and honoring such documents in a tertiary cancer(More)
Perceptual systems face competing requirements: improving signal-to-noise ratios of noisy images, by integration; and maximising sensitivity to change, by differentiation. Both processes occur in human vision, under different circumstances: they have been termed priming, or serial dependencies, leading to positive sequential effects; and adaptation or(More)
Humans and chimpanzees demonstrate numerous cognitive specializations for processing faces, but comparative studies with monkeys suggest that these may be the result of recent evolutionary adaptations. The present study utilized the novel approach of face space, a powerful theoretical framework used to understand the representation of face identity in(More)