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Over the last decade a number of countries and states have successfully established complete spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) incorporating core digital map bases such as the cadastre or land parcel layer, topography, hydrology, road networks and administrative boundaries. These have usually been based on the amalgamation of national or state mapping and(More)
Ninety-eight newborn infants, less than 34 weeks at birth, were studied to examine the relationship between newborn hypotension and hypoxemia and brain damage. Heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen tension were recorded continuously during the 96 h following delivery. Outcome measures included neuropathology in children who died, and motor and cognitive(More)
Aspiration pneumonia, a recognized complication of enteral feeding via a nasogastric tube, is considered uncommon with percutaneously placed gastrostomy tube feeding. We report aspiration pneumonia during enteral alimentation in a neurologically compromised but conscious patient. Aspiration continued despite changing the route of enteral feeding from(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the validity of oscillometric blood pressure in relation to arterial blood pressure. Thirty-one newborns were studied. Clinical characteristics, complications, and treatment interventions were documented. Arterial pressure (every 2 sec) and oscillometric pressure (every 3 min) were concurrently recorded for 1-2(More)
This prospective study of 130 preterm newborns at less than 34 weeks gestational age has examined the predictive value of abnormalities in continuously recorded newborn blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen tension during the 4 d following delivery for echosonographically demonstrable cerebral lesions (EDCL) identified in the infant by six months corrected(More)
Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) have been identified as a mechanism through which complete and consistent spatial data sets can be accessed and retrieved. Whilst SDIs have been developing, wireless communication technologies have been undergoing a rapid evolution. The convergence of wireless communications, positioning technology and SDIs are providing(More)
The designation of geographical entities in this book, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IUCN, UNEP-WCMC or UNCCD concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The views expressed in(More)
A key problem for crowd-sourcing systems is motivating contributions from participants and ensuring the quality of these contributions. Games have been suggested as a motivational approach to encourage contribution, but attracting participation through game play rather than scientific interest raises concerns about the quality of the data provided, which is(More)