Jessica Schwartz

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Localization of transcription regulatory proteins in the nucleus is dynamically regulated, and may alter nucleoplasmic concentrations and/or assembly of multimolecular transcription regulatory complexes, which ultimately regulate gene expression. Since growth hormone (GH) regulates multiple transcription factors including C/EBP beta, the effect of GH on the(More)
The regulation of c-fos transcription by GH involves multiple factors, including CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) beta. Knockdown of C/EBPbeta by RNA interference prevents stimulation of endogenous c-fos mRNA by GH, indicating a key role for C/EBPbeta in GH-stimulated c-fos transcription. GH rapidly increases the occupancy of both endogenous C/EBPbeta(More)
The phosphorylation state of transcription factors is a critical determinant of their function. C/EBPbeta occurs in cells as the transcriptional activator liver-enriched activating protein (LAP) and in the truncated form liver-enriched inhibitory protein (LIP) that inhibits transcription. Analysis of C/EBPbeta phosphorylation by isoelectric focusing (IEF)(More)
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a genetic disorder hallmarked by ischemic stroke and vascular dementia. Characteristic pathological changes in the vasculature include thickening of small arteries and accumulation of heterogeneous material within the vessel wall. We tested whether(More)
The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) contains multiple acetylation sites, including lysine (K) 39. Mutation of C/EBPbeta at K39, an acetylation site in the transcriptional activation domain, impairs transcription of C/EBPbeta target genes in a dominant-negative fashion. Further, K39 of C/EBPbeta can be deacetylated by(More)
In examination of mechanisms regulating metabolic responses to growth hormone (GH), microarray analysis identified 561 probe sets showing time-dependent patterns of expression in GH-treated 3T3-F442A adipocytes. Biological functions significantly over-represented among GH-regulated genes include regulators of transcription at early times, and lipid(More)
In addition to the continuous low levels of neurogenesis typical of adult vertebrates to replace damaged chemoreceptor cells, red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus) experience an up-regulation of chemoreceptor epithelial cell proliferation on a seasonal basis. Significantly more cell division occurs in late spring than at any other time of the year,(More)
This report examines the balance of positive and negative adipogenic factors in a line of immortalized 243 embryonic fibroblasts that undergo spontaneous preadipocyte differentiation. Control of adipogenesis reflects the interplay of factors that promote or inhibit expression of C/EBPalpha and PPARgamma. The 243 cells express C/EBPalpha early and at(More)
CONTEXT The Mountain Ok (Mt Ok) people of Telefomin, who live at the interior of Papua New Guinea (PNG), were documented over 25 years ago to be one of the shortest populations on record, with average adult height below the fifth percentile (US). Serum Growth Hormone was detectable, Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 and serum indicators of protein nutritional(More)
Middle school education has long included a host of career and teclmical education courses. Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, considering the disconnect in today's society from the family farm, seems to be one of the typical areas that are not included or cut due to budgetary issues. A middle school feeder program is an essential piece to striking(More)