Jessica M. Howell

Learn More
Golden retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) is an excellent model for the study of the efficacy of gene therapy in dystrophin deficient myopathies for there are many similarities between affected dogs and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in boys. GRMD is not caused by deletion mutation but results from a point mutation in the consensus splice acceptor in(More)
McArdle disease is caused by a deficiency of myophosphorylase and currently a satisfactory treatment is not available. The injection of notexin into, or the layering of notexin onto, the muscles of affected sheep resulted in necrosis followed by regeneration of muscle fibres with the expression of both non-muscle isoforms of phosphorylase within the fibres(More)
At present there is no satisfactory treatment for McArdle's disease, deficiency of myophosphorylase. Injection of modified adenovirus 5 (AdV5) and adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV2) vectors containing myophosphorylase expression cassettes, into semitendinosus muscle of sheep with McArdle's disease, produced expression of functional myophosphorylase and some(More)
McArdle's disease is due to a genetic deficiency of glycogen phosphorylase and results in a lack of glucose mobilization from glycogen during anaerobic exercise. A genetic defect in Merino sheep produces a similar picture. We constructed a first-generation adenoviral recombinant containing the full-length human phosphorylase cDNA under the control of the(More)
Colonial nurses were ideal agents of colonial medicine's supposed beneficence: while practising and teaching " hygiene " , they also reinforced racial and cultural separation. In some cases, however, the nurses took their role as healers and teachers of local populations much more seriously than was authorized implicitly by their employer. This article(More)
McArdle disease is due to an absence of the enzyme muscle glycogen phosphorylase and results in significant physical impairment in humans. We hypothesised that sodium valproate, an HDAC inhibitor, might have the ability to up-regulate the enzyme. We treated McArdle sheep with sodium valproate given enterically at 20-60 mg/kg body wt. Compared with untreated(More)
Gene therapy for inherited muscle disease is an active area of research and development. Initial emphasis has been on gene replacement but alternative approaches are increasingly being considered in order to overcome difficulties, such as the immune rejection of transduced cells, the need for appropriate and tissue-specific control of expression, and the(More)
The molecular defect in Shorthorn cattle affected with glycogenosis type II was studied. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies specific for bovine skeletal muscle acid alpha-glucosidase were raised and used to study the molecular and biochemical defect in seven affected animals. Cultured normal bovine fibroblasts pulsed and chased with [3H] leucine produced(More)
Adding acid alpha-glucosidase to cultures of Pompe's disease muscle has resulted in enzyme uptake and reduction in concentration of glycogen. However, bone marrow transplantation has been unsuccessful as a treatment. Immune rejection may have contributed to this failure. Twin calves share a placenta and carry lymphoreticular cells of each other's type, they(More)