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One unique subtype of retinal ganglion cell is the direction selective (DS) cell, which responds vigorously to stimulus movement in a preferred direction, but weakly to movement in the opposite or null direction. Here we show that the application of the GABA receptor blocker picrotoxin unmasks a robust excitatory OFF response in ON DS ganglion cells.… (More)
Although electrical coupling via gap junctions is prevalent among ganglion cells in the vertebrate retina, there have been few direct studies of their influence on the light-evoked signaling of these cells. Here, we describe the pattern and function of coupling between the ON direction selective (DS) ganglion cells, a unique subtype whose signals are… (More)
IMPORTANCE Our experience may be useful to other practitioners using compounded intravitreal agents, those suspecting infectious outbreaks, and those managing fungal endophthalmitis. OBJECTIVE To describe a series of patients with fungal endophthalmitis following intravitreal injection of combined bevacizumab and triamcinolone acetonide prepared by the… (More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of subretinal fluid (SRF), imaged with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), on visual acuity outcomes in cases of uveitic macular edema (ME), and to analyze the response of SRF and uveitic ME to therapy. DESIGN Retrospective case series. METHODS One hundred and one eyes of 75 patients with uveitic ME, as… (More)
Three cases of isolated granulomatous disease of the stomach are reported. Other granulomatous diseases were ruled out on the basis of clinical and histological studies. These cases differ from those previously described in having only mucosal granulomas which were discovered as incidental findings in stomachs removed for peptic ulcers. Perigastric lymph… (More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of epiretinal membranes on the response of uveitic macular edema to therapy and on visual acuity outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective case series. METHODS One hundred four eyes of 77 patients with uveitic macular edema were identified at a tertiary care center. Epiretinal membranes were diagnosed when identified by 2… (More)
Most published cases of rectus muscle flap tear have been associated with orbital trauma of various degrees of severity. When they accompany an orbital fracture, however, it is difficult to determine whether the flap tear is merely an incidental additional finding or a major contributing cause of the resulting restriction. How to treat the flap itself… (More)
Retrograde endoscopic cholangiography is an effective means of evaluating the biliary ductal system. It can provide a nonoperative modality for diagnosing PSC and for assessing the effects of therapeutic interventions on the diameter of the bile ducts.
When the cornea of the eye dissolves, most commonly secondary to infection or trauma, the ventral wall of the anterior chamber of the eye is no longer supported and thus bulges forward, enlarging the anterior chamber volume. This is referred to as a corneal melt, and it has a unique CT appearance that has not been previously described.