Jessica Leroux

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The organ distribution of microsomal cytochrome P 450 isoenzymes (P 450), microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EH) and cytosolic glutathione-S-transferases was investigated by immunoblotting and enzyme measurements in rats and humans. In rats, P 450 IA1 was detected only in the duodenum, and P 450 IA2 and IIC11 were detected only in the liver. The highest(More)
Microsomes were prepared from human livers obtained from renal donors of various ages and both sexes. Their drug-metabolizing capacity was measured and compared to that of rat liver microsomes. The following parameters were investigated: cytochrome P-450, cytochrome B5, NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, epoxide hydrolase, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase,(More)
Direct sequencing of human mitochondrial tRNALysshows the absence of editing and the occurrence of six modified nucleotides (m1A9, m2G10, Psi27, Psi28 and hypermodified nucleotides at positions U34 and A37). This tRNA folds into the expected cloverleaf, as confirmed by structural probing with nucleases. The solution structure of the corresponding in vitro(More)
The metabolism of imipramine by human liver microsomes was examined using a combination of five strategies. Human hepatic microsomes produced N-desmethylimipramine (84%), 2-hydroxyimipramine (10%), and 10-hydroxyimipramine (6%). Preincubation of human hepatocytes in culture with beta-naphthoflavone and macrolides exclusively induced the formation of(More)
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) II deficiency, an inherited disorder of mitochondrial long-chain fatty-acid (LCFA) oxidation, results in two distinct clinical phenotypes, namely, an adult (muscular) form and an infantile (hepatocardiomuscular) form. The rationale of this phenotypic heterogeneity is poorly understood. The adult form of the disease is(More)
Among the many metabolic encephalomyelopathies caused by deficiencies in the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC), nearly all involve its E1 subunit. We describe two new familial cases of PDHC deficiency with encephalomyelopathy, chronic lactic acidemia, and a normal E1 subunit of PDHC but deficiency in another component. Activity of PDHC was measured in(More)
Quantification of 2-ketoglutaric acid in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid as its O-trimethylsilyl++-quinoxalinol derivative by gas chromatography chemical ionization mass spectrometry is described with benzoylformic acid as internal standard. This technique, with ammonia as reactant gas, only detects the protonated molecular ions. The recovery of(More)
"Anti-liver/kidney microsome" (anti-LKM) autoantibodies have been found in the serum of patients with cryptogenic chronic hepatitis and with immunoallergic drug-induced hepatitis, such as those induced by halothane or by tienilic acid (called anti-LKM2 in this case). So far the nature of the human microsomal macromolecules recognized by these antibodies has(More)