Jessica Lawrence

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Carnosine is a naturally occurring dipeptide (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) found in brain, innervated tissues, and the lens at concentrations up to 20 mM in humans. In 1994 it was shown that carnosine could delay senescence of cultured human fibroblasts. Evidence will be presented to suggest that carnosine, in addition to antioxidant and oxygen free-radical(More)
Breast tumors in women can adapt to endocrine deprivation therapy by developing hypersensitivity to estradiol. For this reason, aromatase inhibitors can be effective in women relapsing after treatment with tamoxifen or following oophorectomy. To understand the mechanisms responsible, we examined estrogenic stimulation of cell proliferation in a model system(More)
Deprivation of estrogen causes breast tumors in women to adapt and develop enhanced sensitivity to this steroid. Accordingly, women relapsing after treatment with oophorectomy, which substantially lowers estradiol for a prolonged period, respond secondarily to aromatase inhibitors with tumor regression. We have utilized in vitro and in vivo model systems to(More)
A mutant strain of Escherichia coli unable to carry out the first specific reaction of ubiquinone biosynthesis, that is the conversion of chorismate into 4-hydroxybenzoate, has been isolated. The gene concerned maps at about minute 79 on the E. coli chromosome and has been designated ubiC. This gene is probably the structural gene for chorismate lyase since(More)
The highly selective cytotoxicity of site-directed ricin A chain conjugates can be potentiated by membrane-active carboxylic ionophores. The combined use of the two agents results in much faster inactivation of ribosomes and subsequent cell death and lysis. The potency of A chain cytotoxins is correspondingly increased by several orders of magnitude and(More)
Neural networks were used to generalize common themes found in transmembrane-spanning protein helices. Various-sized databases were used containing nonoverlapping sequences, each 25 amino acids long. Training consisted of sorting these sequences into 1 of 2 groups: transmembrane helical peptides or nontransmembrane peptides. Learning was measured using a(More)
When Actin Binding Protein (ABP) isolated from human blood platelets is phosphorylated in vitro with a cyclic AMP dependent kinase it becomes resistant to proteolysis by the Calcium Dependent Sulfhydryl Protease (CDSP). This protection against proteolytic cleavage is specific for CDSP since phosphorylation of ABP does not protect against proteolysis by(More)
Actin binding protein from human blood platelets is shown to exist in the resting platelet as a phosphorylated protein and contains two residues of phosphate per 260,000 kd. Removal of one-half of these residues with E. coli alkaline phosphatase results in the loss of its ability to crosslink F-actin into a low speed sedimentable complex (its cytoskeleton)(More)
A long-chain fatty acyl CoA photolabel, 2-azido [32P]palmitoyl CoA, was synthesized and its covalent interaction with mitochondrial membrane proteins examined. On binding of 2-azido [32P]palmitoyl CoA to beef heart mitochondria, two polypeptides were primarily labeled, the 30 kDa ADP/ATP carrier and a 41 kDa protein of unknown identity. Carboxyatractyloside(More)
Lymphomas in 10 cynomolgus monkeys infected with a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVsm) were studied with regard to proliferative activity and apoptosis-related gene expression. All were diffuse large-cell lymphomas, showed mono or oligoclonality and a 9/10 diploid cellular DNA content. Expression of a simian homologue to Epstein-Barr virus (HVMF-1) was(More)