Jessica L Hastie

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Bacteria encounter numerous environmental stresses which can delay or inhibit their growth. Many bacteria utilize alternative σ factors to regulate subsets of genes required to overcome different extracellular assaults. The largest group of these alternative σ factors are the extracytoplasmic function (ECF) σ factors. In this paper, we demonstrate that the(More)
During growth in the environment, bacteria encounter stresses which can delay or inhibit their growth. To defend against these stresses, bacteria induce both resistance and repair mechanisms. Many bacteria regulate these resistance mechanisms using a group of alternative σ factors called extracytoplasmic function (ECF) σ factors. ECF σ factors represent the(More)
Flow injection electrospray (FIE) and LC-tandem mass spectrometry techniques were used to characterize corn stover acid hydrolysates before and after overliming and ammonia conditioning steps. Analyses were performed on samples without fractionation (dilution only) in an effort provide an inventory of ionizable substances. Statistical evaluation of the(More)
σ factors provide RNA polymerase with promoter specificity in bacteria. Some σ factors require activation in order to interact with RNA polymerase and transcribe target genes. The Extra-Cytoplasmic Function (ECF) σ factor, σV, is encoded by several Gram-positive bacteria and is specifically activated by lysozyme. This activation requires the proteolytic(More)
Thin films incorporating GaN, InGaN and AlGaN are presently arousing considerable excitement because of their suitability for UV and visible light-emitting diodes and laser diodes. However, because of the lattice mismatch between presently used substrates and epitaxial nitride thin films, the films are of variable quality In this paper we describe our(More)
σ factors endow RNA polymerase with promoter specificity in bacteria. Extra-Cytoplasmic Function (ECF) σ factors represent the largest and most diverse family of σ factors. Most ECF σ factors must be activated in response to an external signal. One mechanism of activation is the stepwise proteolytic destruction of an anti-σ factor via Regulated(More)
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is an anaerobic gram-positive pathogen that is the leading cause of nosocomial bacterial infection globally. C. difficile infection (CDI) typically occurs after ingestion of infectious spores by a patient that has been treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. While CDI is a toxin-mediated disease, transmission and(More)
s factors endow RNA polymerase with promoter specificity in bacteria. Extra-Cytoplasmic Function (ECF) s factors represent the largest and most diverse family of s factors. Most ECF s factors must be activated in response to an external signal. One mechanism of activation is the stepwise proteolytic destruction of an anti-s factor via Regulated(More)
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