Jessica L. Hall

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Heavy metals such as Cu and Zn are essential for normal plant growth, although elevated concentrations of both essential and non-essential metals can result in growth inhibition and toxicity symptoms. Plants possess a range of potential cellular mechanisms that may be involved in the detoxification of heavy metals and thus tolerance to metal stress. These(More)
Heavy metal ions such as Cu(2+), Zn(2+), Mn(2+), Fe(2+), Ni(2+) and Co(2+) are essential micronutrients for plant metabolism but when present in excess, these, and non-essential metals such as Cd(2+), Hg(2+) and Pb(2+), can become extremely toxic. Thus mechanisms must exist to satisfy the requirements of cellular metabolism but also to protect cells from(More)
Powdery mildew fungi are biotrophic pathogens that form a complex interface, the haustorium, between the host plant and the parasite. The pathogen acts as an additional sink, competing with host sinks, resulting in considerable modification of photoassimilate production and partitioning within the host tissue. Here, we examine the factors that may(More)
Transition metals such as Fe, Cu, Mn, and Zn are essential minerals for normal plant growth and development, although they can be toxic when present in excess. Thus, for healthy plant growth, a range of transition metals must be acquired from the soil, distributed around the plant, and their concentrations carefully regulated within different cells and(More)
Mechanisms are required by all organisms to maintain the concentration of essential heavy metals (e.g. Zn and Cu) within physiological limits and to minimise the detrimental effects of non-essential heavy metals (e.g. Cd). Heavy-metal P-type ATPases (HMAs) are a subgroup of the P-type ATPase superfamily that may contribute to metal homeostasis in plants. We(More)
Grown under saline conditions, Suaeda maritima accumulates Na+ and Cl- into its leaves, where individual mesophyll cells behave differently in their compartmentation of these ions. Measurements of ion concentrations within selected subcellular compartments show that freeze-substitution with dry sectioning is a valuable preparative technique for analytical(More)
A highly enriched plasma membrane fraction has been isolated from dark-grown cotyledons ofRicinus communis by phase partitioning. This is demonstrated by the properties of the associated ATPase: high vanadate sensitivity, azide and nitrate insensitivity, sharp pH optimum around 6.5, and high specificity for ATP as substrate. The upper plasma membrane(More)
The use of energized plasma membrane vesicle preparations from cotyledons and roots of Ricinus communis seedlings is described, and evidence is presented for the existence of plasma membrane H(+)/sucrose and H(+)/amino acid symporters. Using fractions isolated from roots, there is evidence for at least two carriers which can transport neutral amino acids(More)
The distribution of peroxidase in the apical 3 mm of pea roots has been investigated using the histochemical method employing 3,3-diaminobenzidine as a substrate. At the tissue level the enzyme is localized predominately in the root cap, epidermis, inner cortical cells, endodermis, phloem and maturing xylem. At the subcellular level peroxidase is found(More)
Plasma membrane vesicles, purified by aqueous two-phase partitioning, were used to investigate the presence of sugar and amino acid carriers in cotyledons and roots of Ricinus communis L. and in roots of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Artificial pH and electrical gradients were generated across the plasma membrane, and [14C]acetate and(More)