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Proteins that terminate in a C-terminal CaaX motif undergo three sequential posttranslational modifications: isoprenylation of the cysteine residue, endoproteolysis of the -aaX residues, and methylation of the isoprenylated cysteine by an isoprenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase (Icmt). Among the proteins that contain this CaaX sequence are the Ras(More)
Isoprenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase (Icmt) is an integral membrane protein localized to the endoplasmic reticulum of eukaryotic cells that catalyzes the post-translational alpha-carboxylmethylesterification of CAAX motif proteins, including the oncoprotein Ras. Prior to methylation, these protein substrates all contain an isoprenylcysteine residue(More)
N-Acetyl-S-farnesyl cysteine (AFC) is the minimal synthetic substrate for the enzyme Icmt, which methylates prenylated proteins. The desthio-AFC isostere 2 has been synthesized in racemic form. This analog was not an Icmt substrate, but instead a weak inhibitor with an IC50 of approximately 325 microM.
Numerous proteins, including Ras, contain a C-terminal CAAX motif that directs a series of three sequential post-translational modifications: isoprenylation of the cysteine residue, endoproteolysis of the three terminal amino acids and alpha-carboxyl methylesterification of the isoprenylated cysteine. This study focuses on the isoprenylcysteine(More)
Proteases play important roles in a variety of disease processes. Understanding their biological functions underpins the efforts of drug discovery. We have developed a bioluminescent protease assay using a circularly permuted form of firefly luciferase, wherein the native enzyme termini were joined by a peptide containing a protease site of interest.(More)
We have designed, synthesized, and characterized a metal chelating compound that is based on the structure of cholesterol and contains the high affinity metal chelating group, lysine nitrilotriacetic acid (Lys-NTA). Using the enzyme isoprenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase (Icmt) from yeast as a model integral membrane metalloenzyme, we find that this(More)
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