Jessica Jahngen-Hodge

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Upon oxidative stress cells show an increase in the oxidized glutathione (GSSG) to reduced glutathione (GSH) ratio with a concomitant decrease in activity of the ubiquitinylation pathway. Because most of the enzymes involved in the attachment of ubiquitin to substrate proteins contain active site sulfhydryls that might be covalently modified (thiolated)(More)
In corroboration of the hypothesized regulation of phototransduction proteins by the ubiquitin-dependent pathway, we identified free ubiquitin (8 kDa) and ubiquitin-protein conjugates (50 to >200 kDa; pI 5.3-6.8 by two-dimensional electrophoresis) in bovine rod outer segments (ROS). A 38-kDa ubiquitinylated protein and transducin (Gt) were eluted together(More)
Ubiquitin, an 8.5 kDa polypeptide found almost universally in plants and animals, is a normal component in the lens. The best documented function for ubiquitin involves its conjugation to proteins as a signal to initiate degradation. Conjugates for ubiquitin-dependent degradation tend to be of very high molecular mass and are rapidly degraded. Another role(More)
The Emory mouse is the best model for age-related cataract. In this work we compare the effects of feeding a control diet (C) with a diet restricted (R) by 40% relative to C animals. In the R animals, median lifespan was extended by 40%. The proportion of R mice with advanced cataract was lower than C mice as early as 5 months of age. The mean grade of(More)
Lens cells must remove obsolete or damaged proteins produced during development, maturation and aging to maintain lens transparency. In reticulocytes removal of abnormal or obsolete proteins is thought to involve a ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic pathway. Two hallmarks of ubiquitin (Ub) dependent proteolysis have previously been demonstrated in lens cell or(More)
Dietary calorie restriction extends both mean and maximum life span and retards age-related diseases, including eye lens cataract in Emory mice. The beneficial effects of calorie restriction have been hypothesized to reflect enhanced tissue antioxidant capacity. As a test of this hypothesis, we reared male and female Emory mice on control (C) or 40%(More)
Degradation of endogenous lens proteins has been difficult to show under physiological conditions using lens tissue preparations. In contrast, active proteolytic systems in cultured bovine lens epithelial (BLE) cells have been demonstrated previously. BLE cells also contain ubiquitin, a 76 amino-acid polypeptide which is conjugated to proteins in an(More)
Dietary restriction can effectively extend lifespan and retard many age-related debilities. One hypothesis to explain the beneficial effects of dietary restriction is that it prolongs maintenance of cellular homeostasis by limiting endogenous oxidative stress and preserves oxidative defense mechanisms during aging. Ascorbate, a primary antioxidant, may play(More)
We examined the effect of diet, age (4.5, 13 and 23 months), and sex on plasma levels of retinol, tocopherol, ascorbate, cholesterol, glucose and glycohemoglobin in male and female Emory mice which were fed control (C) and 50% calorie restricted (R) diets. Results showed that C fed animals tended to have higher levels of plasma ascorbate (50-71%),(More)
Aminopeptidases catalyze the hydrolysis of amino acid residues from the amino terminus of peptide substrates. Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) from bovine lens is the best characterized aminopeptidase and the only LAP for which the amino acid sequence was determined by protein sequencing. Using this sequence information, we isolated a bovine kidney LAP cDNA and(More)