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Although mild progressive memory impairment is commonly associated with normal human aging, it is unclear whether this phenomenon can be explained by specific structural brain changes. In a research sample of 54 medically healthy and cognitively normal elderly persons (ages 55-87, x = 69.0 +/- 7.9), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to derive(More)
Adiposity is associated with chronic low-grade systemic inflammation and increased inflammation in the hypothalamus, a key structure in feeding behavior. It remains unknown whether inflammation impacts other brain structures that regulate feeding behavior. We studied 44 overweight/obese and 19 lean individuals with MRI and plasma fibrinogen levels (marker(More)
Hippocampal formation (HF) atrophy, although common in normal aging, has unknown clinical consequences. We used MRI to derive HF size measurements at baseline on 44 cognitively normal older adults entering a longitudinal study of memory function (mean age = 68.4 years, mean follow-up = 3.8 years). Only one subject became demented at follow-up. Multiple(More)
Elderly, community residing subjects (N = 106; mean age = 70.6 +/- 6.02 years) with cognitive functioning consistent with normal aging or dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DAT), were followed over a 3.6 year mean interval (range = 2.78 to 5.12 years). All subjects were assessed at baseline on the Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), a global clinical(More)
The brain is the most cholesterol-rich organ in the body. Although most of the cholesterol in the brain is produced endogenously, some studies suggest that systemic cholesterol may be able to enter the brain. We investigated whether abnormal cholesterol profiles correlated with diffusion-tensor-imaging-based estimates of white matter microstructural(More)
Objectives Obesity is on the rise in the US and is linked to the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Emerging evidence over the last decade suggests that obesity may also adversely affect executive function and brain structure. Although a great deal of research focuses on how diet affects the brain and cognitive performance, no study(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate sensory changes in the head and neck region associated with selective neck dissection with or without preservation of cervical root branches. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING University tertiary referral hospital and a Veterans Affairs hospital. PATIENTS Fifty-seven patients who had undergone 84 neck dissections with or(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND To ascertain whether the associations between obesity, inflammation, and insulin resistance established in human adult studies are found among adolescents. METHODS We contrasted 36 obese and 24 lean youth on fasting glucose, insulin levels, lipid profile, hemoglobin A1C, markers of hepatic function, white blood cell count,(More)
OBJECT Reconstruction of the cranial base after resection of complex lesions requires creation of both a vascularized barrier to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and tailored filling of operative defects. The authors describe the use of radial forearm microvascular free-flap grafts to reconstruct skull base lesions, to fill small tissue defects, and to(More)
The hypothalamus is important in hunger and metabolism. Although a lot is known about the basic role of the human hypothalamus, less is known about how the in vivo volume is affected in obesity, particularly among adolescents. Based on pediatric body mass index percentiles, 95 participants were assigned to lean or obese groups. All subjects had medical(More)