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Earlier detection of breast cancer reduces mortality from this disease. As a result, the development of better screening techniques is a topic of intense interest. Contrast-enhanced dual-energy mammography (DEM) is a novel technique that has improved sensitivity for cancer detection. However, the development of contrast agents for this technique is in its(More)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) have been proposed for many applications in medicine. Although large AuNP (>5.5 nm) are desirable for their longer blood circulation and accumulation in diseased tissues, small AuNP (<5.5 nm) are required for excretion via the kidneys. We present a novel platform where small, excretable AuNP are encapsulated into biodegradable poly(More)
In this paper, we provide a parametric model for analyzing the control overhead usage In mobile ad-hoc networks (MANET). In particular, we focus on evaluating the Impact of the hierarchy of both topology formation and routing on the scalability of overhead usage. Via an analytical approach, we quantitatively characterize the amount of overhead under(More)
The challenges of optimal flooding of network control messages in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) have been well studied in the literature [2]-[10] and [12]-[19]. A particular case of this problem is encountered in MANET routing protocols, which need to distribute routing control information to all member nodes as efficiently as possible. While both proactive(More)
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