Jessica Gwendoline van der Walt

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Constant infusions of D-[U-14C]glucose, D-[6-3H]glucose and L-[U-14C]lactate were used to determine rates of apparent turnover, de novo production, disposal and interconversions of glucose and lactate, together with total recycling of glucose-C, in ewes and dairy cows during late pregnancy and early lactation. The cows were also examined while being fasted.(More)
We have investigated the change in plasma vasopressin and aldosterone concentrations in Namib (desert-adapted) and in control horses from a subtropical region, during an acute 12% dehydration and during rehydration, while food was available. During dehydration, vasopressin concentrations increased significantly in both groups of horses, but the increase was(More)
Changes in the total concentration of the volatile fatty acid (VFA) pool in the rumen were followed over a 24 hour period in 2 groups of sheep, 1 fed at 08h00 and the other twice daily at 08h00 and 20h00. Although similar maximum (143 and 147 meq/1) and average (100, 3 and 102, 1 meq/1) levels were found in the 12 and 24 h groups respectively, the twice(More)
This study set out to investigate tolerance of the body water pool to short-term water deprivation in horses and, in particular, to assess whether feral horses from the Namib Desert showed tolerance to dehydration superior to Transvaal. Hydration status was compared in six feral horses from the Namib Desert and in six Boerperd farm horses under conditions(More)
Accurate measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in paediatric glaucoma management. Children require serial measurements and examination under anaesthesia (EUA). Most anaesthetic agents reduce IOP, and the ideal time to measure IOP under anaesthesia is questionable. STUDY PURPOSE To determine the effect of sevoflurane induction, followed by(More)
The suitability of Sephadex LH-20 as a solid support for the partition chromatography of acetic, propionic and butyric acids was investigated by using standard mixtures of 14C-labelled acids. The clear separation that was obtained between the acids was confirmed by the negligible cross contamination found between the acid peaks. Furthermore, the Sephadex(More)
Insulin is the primary short-term hormonal regulator of metabolism in the resting ruminant. The concentration of plasma insulin is positively correlated with energy intake. Diets producing hyperinsulinaemia, direct the balance towards body gain (anabolic). However, in lactating animals, the postprandial rise in insulin is reduced, thereby favouring movement(More)
A study was conducted to investigate changes in the development of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) in relation to body growth of growing ostriches. There was an 11-fold increase (P < 0.001) in body weight between 3 and 72 days of age. The relative (to body weight) weight of the proventriculus/gizzard, caeca and colon also increased (P < 0.001) with age.(More)
Exogenous bovine growth hormone at a dose of 0.1 mg kg-1 liveweight increased yields of milk and milk constituents and milk fat content when injected over 5 days into ewes in mid-lactation. These changes in milk production were associated with changes in the supply to, and utilization of, nutrients by leg muscle and mammary tissues. Arterial concentrations(More)
Continuous infusions of [14C]glucose and [14C]lactate on separate days, and measurements of blood flow-rate, were used to obtain values for rates of unidirectional metabolism and of interconversion of glucose and lactate in the portal-drained viscera, liver and hind-quarters of ewes during late pregnancy and early lactation. All infusions were made within 5(More)