Jessica Frau

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BACKGROUND Sardinia is a known high-risk area for multiple sclerosis (MS), but no data for south-western Sardinia (SWS) are available. SWS has a genetically homogeneous population, apart from St Peter Island, and represents a peculiar environment related to the industrial, mineralogical and military economy. OBJECTIVE To estimate prevalence and incidence(More)
We performed a case-control study in 2,555 multiple sclerosis (MS) Sardinian patients and 1,365 healthy ethnically matched controls, analyzing the interactions between HLA-DRB1-DQB1 haplotypes and defining a rank of genotypes conferring a variable degree of risk to the disease. Four haplotypes were found to confer susceptibility (*13:03-*03:01 OR = 3.3, Pc(More)
Recently, nabiximols was approved as a treatment in MS spasticity. Data leading to approval and clinical use of nabiximols, although widely recognised, are based on subjective scales. Movement analysis procedures would obtain more detailed data about the impact on mobility. The aim of the study was to quantitatively assess the functional modification of(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is thought to be triggered by environmental factors acting on a genetic predisposition. Sardinians share a homogeneous genetic background and boast one of the highest MS prevalence worldwide. We investigated Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody prevalence in Sardinian population by ELISA. Our results show a higher serum prevalence of(More)
INTRODUCTION Genetic predisposition to multiple sclerosis (MS) in Sardinia (Italy) has been associated with five DRB1*-DQB1* haplotypes of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA). Given the complexity of these associations, an in-depth re-analysis was performed with the specific aims of confirming the haplotype associations; establishing the independence of the(More)
The evaluation of the critically ill patient to develop a suitable care plan is one of the main objectives of the practices of Medico-Surgery for students of third year of the nursing degree. So as to be able to detect all the needs in the patients and settle priorities in their care we have carried out a physical evaluation and the 11 health functional(More)
Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) have been associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Clinical data indicates that BCG vaccination exerts anti-inflammatory effects in MS; conversely, MAP is thought to be one of the possible infectious factors responsible of MS through a molecular mimicry mechanism. A(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severely disabling autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system, which predominantly affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. In a majority of cases, NMO is associated with antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP4) (termed NMO-IgG). AIMS In this study, we evaluated a new multiparametric indirect immunofluorescence(More)
The case of a family in which several members displayed conduction defects inherited as a dominant trait is reported. The proband was a young woman with a 1st degree atrio-ventricular block and high serum creatine kinase. Several members of the family featured cardiologic symptoms. All adult family members were clinically evaluated and blood tests including(More)
We investigated the clinical and MRI effects of mitoxantrone (MITOX) administered to 45 patients during the first five years of highly active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Differences occurring between the end of treatment and follow-up (clinical mean: 3.6 years; brain MR: 1.8 years) with respect to baseline variables (EDSS, annualized relapse(More)