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Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type I (HMSN I) or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 (CMT 1) is an autosomal dominant disorder of the peripheral nervous system characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy of distal limb muscles. In the majority of HMSN I families, linkage studies localized the gene (CMT 1a) to the pericentromeric region of(More)
In seven unrelated patients with a demyelinating motor and sensory neuropathy, we found mutations in exons 2 and 3 of the P0 gene. Morphologic examination of sural nerve biopsy specimens showed a demyelinating process with onion bulb formation in all cases. In four patients, ultrastructural examination demonstrated uncompacted myelin in 23 to 68% of the(More)
We have investigated the peripheral myelin protein gene, PMP-22, in a family with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). The DNA duplication commonly found in CMT1A was absent in this family, but strong linkage existed between the disease and the CMT1A marker VAW409R3 on chromosome 17p11.2. We found a point mutation in PMP-22 which was completely(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) is associated with a DNA duplication at chromosome 17p11.2. In view of the point mutation in the gene for peripheral myelin protein pmp-22/gas-3 in Trembler mice, a murine model for CMT1A, we have analysed whether this gene is altered in CMT1A. Here we show that the human homologue of the murine pmp-22 gene is(More)
The clinical features of inclusion body myositis (IBM) were of minor importance in the design of consensus diagnostic criteria, mainly because of controversial views on the specificity of signs and symptoms, although some authors reported "typical" signs. To re–assess the clinical spectrum of IBM, a single investigator using a standard protocol studied a(More)
Epidemiologic data on inclusion body myositis (IBM) are scarce, and possibly biased, because they are derived from larger neuromuscular centers. The present nationwide collaborative cross-sectional study, which culminated on July 1, 1999, resulted in identification of 76 patients with IBM and the establishment of a prevalence of 4.9 patients with IBM per(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B (CMT1B) is genetically linked to chromosome 1q21-23. The major peripheral myelin protein gene, P0, has been cloned and localized to the same chromosomal region. P0 is a 28 kDa glycoprotein involved in the compaction of the multilamellar myelin sheet and accounts for more than half of the peripheral myelin protein content.(More)
Forty-four affected individuals, aged 8-68 years (mean 34 years), from six families with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type I (HMSN I, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1) were investigated to determine the clinical and electroneurographical characteristics of the HMSN I subtype that is defined by the presence of a DNA duplication on chromosome(More)
To determine if high-dose pulsed dexamethasone is more effective and safer than daily high-dose prednisolone in treatment-naive adult patients with inflammatory myopathies (sporadic inclusion body myositis excluded) we performed a multicenter, double-blind randomised controlled clinical trial with 18 months follow-up. Sixty-two patients were randomised into(More)