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INTRODUCTION Directly observed therapy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (DOT-HAART) is a feasible adherence intervention. Prospective DOT-HAART studies have shown mixed results, and optimal target groups have yet to be defined. We performed a meta-analysis and systematic review to assess the effect of DOT-HAART on adherence and virologic and(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple studies of tuberculosis treatment have indicated that patients with diabetes mellitus may experience poor outcomes.We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantitatively summarize evidence for the impact of diabetes on tuberculosis outcomes. METHODS We searched PubMed, EMBASE and the World Health Organization Regional(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the yield of finding additional TB or diabetes mellitus (DM) cases through systematic screening and to determine the effectiveness of preventive TB therapy in people with DM. METHODS We systematically reviewed studies that had screened for active TB or implemented preventive therapy for TB among people with DM, and those that screened(More)
Drinking behavior among Russian women remains poorly described. We analyzed gender differences in alcohol use among 374 tuberculosis patients in Tomsk, Siberia. Twenty-six (28.3%) women had lifetime alcohol abuse or dependence, compared with 70.6% of men. Women with alcohol use disorders drank 12.7 +/- 14.0 standard drinks per day and > or = 34.6% drank 2(More)
OBJECTIVES Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex disease that is associated with genetic and environmental factors. We have investigated geospatial variation in the risk of developing RA within Stockholm County, Sweden, with respect to established environmental risk factors for RA, as well as serologically defined subgroups of RA. METHOD Information(More)
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