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A spontaneous motor neuron disease or neuronopathy was identified in 10 horses from the northeastern United States. Signs of generalized weakness, muscle fasciculations, muscle atrophy and weight loss progressed over 1 to several months in young and old horses of various breeds. Pathologic studies revealed that degeneration and loss of motor neurons in the(More)
The development of cardiac lesions was studied in xmd dogs aged from 1 day to 6 years. Cardiac lesions were not present in dystrophic dogs up to 3 months of age. Foci of mineralization were first seen at 6.5 months. A 1-year-old dog had foci of myocyte hypercontraction. Linear and anastomosing fibrosis was present in all dogs 1 year of age or older, most(More)
Gross pathologic lesions and light microscopic and ultrastructural features of skeletal muscle lesions in canine X-linked muscular dystrophy (CXMD) were studied in dogs from 3 months to 6 years of age. Necrosis and regeneration were present at all ages, but were most prominent in the youngest dogs studied. Increased intracytoplasmic calcium, as evidenced by(More)
A 9-week old domestic short-hair kitten with progressive neurological dysfunction had histopathological lesions consistent with a lysosomal storage disease. Light microscopy of the brain, spinal cord, and ganglia revealed distention and vacuolation of many neuronal populations, and extensive neuroaxonal dystrophy. Large numbers of foamy macrophages were(More)
Sarcocystis neuronan n. sp. is proposed for the apicomplexan taxon associated with myeloencephalitis in horses. Only asexual stages of this parasite presently are known, and they are found within neuronal cells and leukocytes of the brain and spinal cord. The parasite is located in the host cell cytoplasm, does not have a parasitophorous vacuole, and(More)
The hypoglossal nucleus has been described as the sole ipsilateral source of somatic motor innervation of the lingual and geniohyoideus muscles (Streeter, '40; Barnard, '40; Crosby et al., '62; Watkins, '78; Jenkins, '78). In this study microliter amounts of 30% solution of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) were injected into intact but surgically isolated(More)
Progressive paraparesis developed in four male English Springer Spaniel pups from a litter of five during the first 10 weeks of life. Two of the pups, which had the earliest onset of neurologic signs, were euthanatized without further workup. However, a detailed investigation was completed on the remaining two littermates at 12 weeks of age. Both pups had(More)