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A meta-analysis including 32 randomised controlled trials on the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients was performed. Overall and subgroup analyses with respect to training modality (strength or endurance training, added to general exercise training) and patient characteristics were performed.(More)
BACKGROUND Video game seizures have been reported in photosensitive and non-photosensitive patients with epilepsy. The game Super Mario World, has led to many cases of first seizures. We examined whether this game was indeed more provocative than other programs and whether playing the game added to this effect. METHODS We prospectively investigated 352(More)
PURPOSE To describe the correlation between visual field loss and the duration, dosage, and total amount of vigabatrin (VGB) medication in a group of patients with epilepsy. Co-medication of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and compliance were also studied. METHODS Ninety-two patients (53 male and 39 female) taking VGB medication in the past or the present,(More)
would like to thank Doris Fay and two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions. Abstract This paper examines age-related differences in work motivation in two samples of 9388 and 2512 individuals who completed a comprehensive motivation questionnaire (MQ, SHL, 1992) for selection or development purposes. In the first sample, age(More)
The authors describe 12 pregnancies in women with epilepsy using lamotrigine (LTG) monotherapy. A seizure increase in nine pregnancies was probably related to a gradual decline of LTG level-to-dose ratio to 40% of baseline. After delivery, LTG kinetics returned swiftly to baseline, causing toxic side effects in some women. Frequent LTG level monitoring and(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of muscle weakness and the importance of physical inactivity in cystic fibrosis (CF), and its relationship to exercise tolerance and muscle strength. Exercise tolerance, skeletal and respiratory muscle strength were studied in a group of 64 adults with CF (age 26+/-8 yrs, FEV(1 % predicted)(More)
With the introduction of Nintendo video-games on a large scale, reports of children having seizures while playing suggested a possible specific, provocative factor. Although 50% of the photosensitive patients are also sensitive to a 50-Hz television, nonphotosensitive patients with a history of video-game seizures were described as well. The question arises(More)
OBJECTIVE Critically ill patients often develop intensive care unit-acquired weakness. Reduction in muscle mass and muscle strength occurs early after admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). Although early active muscle training could attenuate this intensive care unit-acquired weakness, in the early phase of critical illness, a large proportion of(More)
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Body surface potential maps were recorded from 120 electrode sites in 236 normal subjects and 258 patients with initial evidence of either anterior myocardial infarction (MI) or inferior MI to identify characteristic map patterns in both groups. After time normalization, averaged map distributions were displayed at 18 equal time intervals during both QRS(More)