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INTRODUCTION Flight crew sleep is recognized as critical to alertness and safety, but few studies have compared the reliability of the different types of sleep monitoring that are commonly used. The present study compared actigraphic and subjective estimates of sleep to the gold standard, polysomnography (PSG). METHODS In-flight (25 episodes) and layover(More)
This report describes 451 consecutive patients admitted to a regional trauma center with head injury over 1 year's time. Our results replicate findings from other hospital- and population-based studies of head trauma. Males exceeded females by 3 to 1; the most frequent age of patients was between 15 and 24 years; and motor vehicles were the most common(More)
The authors examined the psychosocial sequelae of head trauma at 1 month after injury in a group of 102 adult head-injured patients representing a broad range of severity of trauma. One hundred two control subjects selected from friends of the head-injured patients were used for comparison purposes. Outcome was determined with a battery of psychosocial(More)
A responsive, iterating program is described (available on diskette from first author), which enables the physician to formulate a balanced, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for low-birth-weight and sick newborns. The program allows for the possibility of TPN or simultaneous intravenous, intraarterial, and oral feeding. It calculates the overall balance of(More)
Regular exercise is a healthy lifestyle choice with numerous benefits to general health. Ophthalmologists may face questions of the benefits or risks of exercise to eyes. Here the effects of acute exertion and regular physical activity on ocular physiology and disease are reviewed. Intraocular pressure is transiently reduced by dynamic exercise. For the(More)
The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, or statins, are commonly prescribed for prevention of cardiovascular morbidity. A rare side effect of statin medication is the induction of autoimmune illnesses, including myasthenia gravis (myasthenia). Here we present two patients with seropositive myasthenia that developed 4 weeks(More)
AIMS To quantify student debt owed by first-year house officers at graduation, and to describe the effects of student debt on their lives. METHODS A questionnaire was sent was to all 296 New Zealand-graduate first-year house officers practicing in New Zealand. The survey included questions on demographics, level of debt, student support received,(More)
AIMS To assess the effects of student debt on the intentions of first-year house officers in relation to location of practice and vocation, and to evaluate the relative importance of incentives to remain practising in New Zealand (NZ). METHODS A questionnaire sent to all 296 New Zealand-graduate first-year house officers practicing in New Zealand. (More)
BACKGROUND Smoking in film is a risk factor for smoking uptake in adolescence. This study aimed to quantify exposure to smoking in film received by New Zealand audiences, and evaluate potential interventions to reduce the quantity and impact of this exposure. METHODS The ten highest-grossing films in New Zealand for 2003 were each analysed independently(More)