Jesse F. Ballenger

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Endogenous anxiety (anxiety hysteria, agoraphobia with panic attacks) is characterized by sudden, spontaneous panic attacks accompanied by multiple autonomic symptoms, overwhelming fear, a flight response, and polyphobic behavior. Psychotherapy, behavior therapy, and tranquillizers have been of limited success in treating this syndrome. Fifty-seven patients(More)
We examined random responding on the MMPI-A in 106 adolescents from the general population. Participants were asked to report on the frequency, location, and reasons for any random responses occurring during a standard administration of the MMPI-A. Relationships between self-reported random responding and validity indices (F1, F2, F, and Variable Response(More)
Sixty adults in outpatient psychotherapy completed the NEO Personality Inventory--Revised (NEO PI-R, P. T. Costa & R. R. McCrae, 1992a). Half were instructed to fake good and half were given standard instructions. All completed the Interpersonal Adjective Scale--Revised, Big Five (J. S. Wiggins & P. D. Trapnell, 1997) under standard instructions, and their(More)
Primary care patients with infrequent panic attacks were found to have similar levels of disability in their social, family and vocational functioning to patients who met DSM-III-R criteria for panic disorder. Both panic subgroups had significantly more functional disability than controls. Patients with panic and infrequent panic had significantly more Axis(More)
The effect of lithium on the plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) response to the iv infusion of 5% saline was determined in six patients with primary effective disorder. Lithium did not significantly affect baseline weight, plasma osmolality, sodium, or AVP levels. However, lithium significantly increased the mean rate of change or the sensitivity of the(More)
The development of a wide array of molecular and neuroscientific biomarkers can provide the possibility to visualize the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) at early stages. Many of these biomarkers are aimed at detecting not only a preclinical, but also a pre-symptomatic state. They are supposed to facilitate clinical trials aiming at treatments that attack(More)
BACKGROUND Discontinuation of benzodiazepine (BZ) treatment results in a well-characterized withdrawal syndrome in 40-50% of anxious patients. While numerous studies have established the role of BZ dose, treatment duration, half-life, potency, rate of withdrawal and severity of underling anxiety disorder in predicting severity of withdrawal symptoms, fewer(More)