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Antisaccades produce longer reaction times (RT) than their prosaccade counterparts and this latency increase has been linked to an oculomotor 'pre-setting' that prevents the evocation of a stimulus-driven prosaccade. Moreover, a consequence of oculomotor pre-setting is a lengthening of the RTs associated with a subsequent prosaccade. The goal of the present(More)
Conventional single tensor diffusion analysis models have provided mixed findings in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease, but recent work using a bi-tensor analysis model has shown more promising results. Using a bi-tensor model, free-water values were found to be increased in the posterior substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease compared with(More)
The presentation of a remote - but not proximal - distractor concurrent with target onset increases prosaccade reaction times (RT) (i.e., the remote distractor effect: RDE). The competitive integration model asserts that the RDE represents the time required to resolve the conflict for a common saccade threshold between target- and distractor-related saccade(More)
Multiple lines of evidence implicate striatal dysfunction in the pathogenesis of dystonia, including in DYT1, a common inherited form of the disease. The impact of striatal dysfunction on connected motor circuits and their interaction with other brain regions is poorly understood. Conditional knock-out (cKO) of the DYT1 protein torsinA from forebrain(More)
The saccade literature has consistently reported that the presentation of a distractor remote to a target increases reaction time (i.e., the remote distractor effect: RDE). As well, some studies have shown that a proximal distractor facilitates saccade reaction time. The lateral inhibition hypothesis attributes the aforementioned findings to the(More)
Developing in vivo functional and structural neuroimaging assays in Dyt1 ΔGAG heterozygous knock-in (Dyt1 KI) mice provide insight into the pathophysiology underlying DYT1 dystonia. In the current study, we examined in vivo functional connectivity of large-scale cortical and subcortical networks in Dyt1 KI mice and wild-type (WT) controls using(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a genetic disease that causes degeneration of Purkinje cells, and recent evidence points to degeneration of Betz cells in the motor cortex. The relation between functional activity of motor cortex and symptom severity during a hand-grip motor control in vivo has not yet been investigated. This study explored both(More)
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