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Niemann-Pick type C (NP-C) disease, a fatal neurovisceral disorder, is characterized by lysosomal accumulation of low density lipoprotein (LDL)-derived cholesterol. By positional cloning methods, a gene (NPC1) with insertion, deletion, and missense mutations has been identified in NP-C patients. Transfection of NP-C fibroblasts with wild-type NPC1 cDNA(More)
An integrated human-mouse positional candidate approach was used to identify the gene responsible for the phenotypes observed in a mouse model of Niemann-Pick type C (NP-C) disease. The predicted murine NPC1 protein has sequence homology to the putative transmembrane domains of the Hedgehog signaling molecule Patched, to the cholesterol-sensing regions of(More)
Niemann-Pick C disease (NP-C) is a neurovisceral lysosomal storage disorder. A variety of studies have highlighted defective sterol trafficking from lysosomes in NP-C cells. However, the heterogeneous nature of additional accumulating metabolites suggests that the cellular lesion may involve a more generalized block in retrograde lysosomal trafficking.(More)
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is an autosomal recessive lipid-storage disorder usually characterized by hepatosplenomegaly and severe progressive neurological dysfunction, resulting from mutations affecting either the NPC1 gene (in 95% of the patients) or the yet-to-be-identified NPC2 gene. Our initial study of 25 patients with NPC1 identified a(More)
Recent studies support the existence of a common progenitor for the cardiac and endothelial cell lineages, but the underlying transcriptional networks responsible for specification of these cell fates remain unclear. Here we demonstrated that Ets-related protein 71 (Etsrp71), a newly discovered ETS family transcription factor, was a novel downstream target(More)
Niemann-Pick C (NP-C) is a fatal autosomal recessive storage disorder characterized by progressive neurodegeneration and variable hepatosplenomegaly. At the cellular level, cells derived from an affected individual accumulate unesterified cholesterol in lysosomes when cultured with low-density lipoprotein. The NP-C gene was identified at 18q11. The(More)
Members of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family of transcription factors regulate the specification and differentiation of numerous cell types during embryonic development. Hand1 and Hand2 are expressed by a subset of neural crest cells in the anterior branchial arches and are involved in craniofacial development. However, the precise mechanisms by(More)
This study examined changes in the acoustic and temporal structure of ultrasonic vocalizations as a function of age and correlated acoustic changes with vocal fold microstructure. Ultrasonic vocalizations were recorded in three age groups of male rats: aged (24-26 months), middle-aged (17-18 months), and young (4-5 months). Acoustic and structural changes(More)
A major obstacle in positional cloning is identifying the specific mutated gene from within a large physical contig. Here we describe the application of DNA microarray technology to a defined genomic region (physical map) to identify: (i) exons without a priori sequence data and (ii) the disease gene based on differential gene expression in a recessive(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an autosomal recessive lipidosis linked to chromosome 18q11-12, characterized by lysosomal accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and delayed induction of cholesterol-mediated homeostatic responses. This cellular phenotype is identifiable cytologically by filipin staining and biochemically by measurement of(More)