Jessal J. Patel

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Extracellular nucleotides, signalling through P2 receptors, regulate the function of both osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Osteoblasts are known to express multiple P2 receptor subtypes (P2X2,5,7 and P2Y(1),(2,4,6)), levels of which change during differentiation. ATP and UTP potently inhibit bone mineralisation in vitro, an effect mediated, at least in part,(More)
Clopidogrel (Plavix), a selective P2Y(12) receptor antagonist, is widely prescribed to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and acts via the inhibition of platelet aggregation. Accumulating evidence now suggests that extracellular nucleotides, signaling through P2 receptors, play a significant role in bone, modulating both osteoblast and osteoclast(More)
Drugs used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, specifically peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists, have been reported to affect bone cell function and fracture risk. In this study, we assessed the direct effects of PPAR-γ agonists (rosiglitazone and troglitazone), used in the treatment of diabetes, and a(More)
Controlled ATP release has been demonstrated from many neuronal and non-neuronal cell types. Once released, extracellular ATP acts on cells in a paracrine manner via purinergic receptors. Considerable evidence now suggests that extracellular nucleotides, signaling via P2 receptors, play important roles in bone homeostasis modulating both osteoblast and(More)
It has long been known that core body temperature declines with age, with temperatures of 35.5°C or below common in the elderly. However, the effects of temperature reduction on bone cell function and skeletal homeostasis have been little studied. We investigated the effects of mild hypothermia (35.5°C) and severe hypothermia (34°C) on bone-forming(More)
Smooth muscle cells (SMC) are the predominant cell type involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, vascular calcification and restenosis after angioplasty; however, they are also important in the de novo formation of blood vessels through differentiation of mesenchymal cells under the influence of mediators secreted by endothelial cells. In(More)
Extracellular ATP, signalling through P2 receptors, exerts well-documented effects on bone cells, inhibiting mineral deposition by osteoblasts and stimulating the formation and resorptive activity of osteoclasts. The aims of this study were to determine the potential osteotropic effects of adenosine, the hydrolysis product of ATP, on primary bone cells in(More)
Bone cells constitutively release ATP into the extracellular environment where it acts locally via P2 receptors to regulate bone cell function. Whilst P2Y2 receptor stimulation regulates bone mineralisation, the functional effects of this receptor in osteoclasts remain unknown. This investigation used the P2Y2 receptor knockout (P2Y2R-/- ) mouse model to(More)
Arterial medial calcification (AMC) is thought to share some outward similarities to skeletal mineralization and has been associated with the transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to an osteoblast-like phenotype. ATP and UTP have previously been shown to inhibit bone mineralization. This investigation compared the effects of(More)
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