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Resistin is a potential link between obesity and insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes. In rodents, resistin is primarily expressed in and secreted from mature adipocytes, with some expression in pancreatic islets and portions of the pituitary and hypothalamus. Its secretion can be up-regulated by several factors, including insulin and glucose. The exposure(More)
Purine analysis is widely used to estimate microbial crude protein (MCP) flow, and the method assumes that all purines contained in feed are degraded in the rumen and that purines detected are of microbial origin. The objectives of our experiment were (1) to determine if DNA from yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) contained in dried distillers grains and(More)
Communication between adipose and other tissues has been hypothesized since at least the 1940s to be bidirectional. Despite this expectation, early progress was largely limited to adipose tissue's role in metabolism and storage of fatty acids, its development, and its response to endocrine and neural cues. However, efforts of the last decade have identified(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of a conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomer mixture (mCLA) with each main isomer [trans-10,cis-12 CLA (CLA10,12) and cis-9,trans-11 CLA (CLA9,11)] in causing body lipid loss and adipose tissue apoptosis. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Mice selected over 16 generations for high (MH) or low (ML) energy expenditure and(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) induces a body fat loss that is enhanced in mice fed coconut oil (CO), which lacks essential fatty acids (EFA). Our objective was to determine if CO enhancement of CLA-induced body fat loss is due to the lack of EFA. The CLA-EFA interaction was tested by feeding CO and fat free (FF) diets for varying times with and without(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether altered dietary essential fatty acid (linoleic and arachidonic acid) concentrations alter sensitivity to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-induced body fat loss or DNA fragmentation. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Mice were fed diets containing soy oil (control), coconut oil [essential fatty acid deficient (EFAD)], or fish oil(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine if consumption of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) by mice could induce apoptosis in adipose tissue. Other objectives were to determine the influence of feeding mice CLA for < or =2 weeks on body fat, energy expenditure, and feed intake. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES A mixture of CLA isomers(More)
Mice fed diets containing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) are leaner than mice not fed CLA. This anti-obesity effect is amplified in mice fed coconut oil-containing or fat free diets, compared to soy oil diets. The present objective was to determine if CLA alters lipolysis in mice fed different base oils. Mice were fed diets containing soy oil (SO), coconut(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-induced body fat loss is dependent upon metabolism of CLA by Delta6-desaturase, cyclooxygenase, or lipoxygenase. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Mice were fed diets with or without CLA and inhibitors to either Delta6-desaturase (SC-26196), cyclooxygenase (aspirin), or lipoxygenase (nordihydroguaiaretic(More)
Central injection of neuropeptide-Y (NPY) has been shown to attenuate secretion of LH in ovariectomized rats, rabbits, and monkeys. Several investigators have reported elevated concentrations of NPY in the central nervous system of undernourished animals. The relationship between nutrition and reproduction positions NPY as a potential neuromodulator(More)