Jess L Miner

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Purine analysis is widely used to estimate microbial crude protein (MCP) flow, and the method assumes that all purines contained in feed are degraded in the rumen and that purines detected are of microbial origin. The objectives of our experiment were (1) to determine if DNA from yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) contained in dried distillers grains and(More)
Central injection of neuropeptide-Y (NPY) has been shown to attenuate secretion of LH in ovariectomized rats, rabbits, and monkeys. Several investigators have reported elevated concentrations of NPY in the central nervous system of undernourished animals. The relationship between nutrition and reproduction positions NPY as a potential neuromodulator(More)
A combined histological and microarray analysis of the white adipose tissue (WAT) of mice fed trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10c12 CLA) was performed to better define functional responses. Mice fed t10c12 CLA for 14 days lost 85% of WAT mass, 95% of adipocyte lipid droplet volume, and 15 or 47% of the number of adipocytes and total cells,(More)
Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10c12 CLA) reduces triglyceride (TG) levels in adipocytes through multiple pathways, with AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) generally facilitating, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) generally opposing these reductions. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a histone/protein deacetylase that affects energy(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a strong stimulant of feed intake in sheep as well as in rodents. The information available indicates that it functions in vivo in the modulation of feeding within the central nervous system, more specifically, within the hypothalamus, and probably within the paraventricular nucleus. Injected NPY can override a variety of satiating(More)
Adipsin is a molecular marker of obesity in rodents. Content of adipsin protein in blood and mRNA in adipocytes is significantly reduced in several genetic and experimentally induced obese models. It has been suggested that this reduction in adipsin is causative to obesity development. Insulin reduces adipsin expression in vitro and is negatively correlated(More)
Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10c12 CLA) reduces triglyceride (TG) levels in adipocytes through multiple pathways, with AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) generally facilitating, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor c (PPARc) generally opposing these reductions. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a histone/protein deacetylase that affects energy(More)
A method for purifying acylation stimulating protein (ASP) from porcine serum is described. The mRNA encoding ASP was cloned by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction which predicted a 76 residue peptide. Based on this sequence, we generated antisera to a C-terminal peptide (ASP(1-20)) which aided ASP purification. Identity of the purified protein(More)
Changes in food intake, serum adipsin, and obesity were evaluated in the MSG-treated mouse. In Experiment 1, mice treated with MSG had 50% lower serum adipsin and over 2-fold higher percentage of body fat than the lean controls. Both feeding caffeine and restricting intake normalized serum adipsin and caused weight loss, but did not normalize the percentage(More)
We tested the hypothesis that blockade of central alpha 2-adrenergic receptors would prevent neuropeptide Y (NPY)-induced feeding. Nine young female sheep were fitted with lateral ventricula cannulas. Bolus intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of 3 nmol of NPY increased feed intake after 30 min between 45 and 153% in three experiments. A bolus ICV(More)