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We investigated substrate dependent paracrine signaling between subpopulations of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) that may affect the formation, or perhaps malformation, of the regenerating tendon to bone enthesis. Polyacrylamide substrates approximating the elastic modulus of tendon granulation tissue and the osteoid of healing bone (10-90 kPa) were(More)
Research activity involving numerical models of the shoulder is dramatically increasing, driven by growing rates of injury and the need to better understand shoulder joint pathologies to develop therapeutic strategies. Based on the type of clinical question they can address, existing models can be broadly categorized into three groups: (i) rigid body models(More)
Manual palpation has been used for centuries to provide a relative indication of tissue health and disease. Engineers have sought to make these assessments increasingly quantitative and accessible within daily clinical practice. Since many of the developed techniques involve image-based quantification of tissue deformation in response to an applied force(More)
This study explores a novel method to quantify in vivo soft tissue biomechanics from endoscopic confocal fluorescence microscope images of externally loaded biological tissues. A custom algorithm based on normalized cross-correlation is used to track fluorescently labeled cells within soft tissue structures as they deform. Cellular displacements are(More)
High-velocity (up to 25 m/s) impact tests were performed on pig kidneys to characterize failure behavior at deformation rates associated with traumatic injury. Cylindrical tissue samples (n = 45) and whole perfused organs (n = 34) were impacted using both falling weights and a high-velocity pneumatic projectile impactor. Impact energy was incrementally(More)
BACKGROUND A major cause of the limited longevity of total ankle replacements is premature polyethylene component wear, which can be induced by high joint contact pressures. We implemented a computational model to parametrically explore the hypothesis that intercomponent positioning deviating from the manufacturer's recommendations can result in pressure(More)
Connective tissue aging and diabetes related comorbidity are associated with compromised tissue function, increased susceptibility to injury, and reduced healing capacity. This has been partly attributed to collagen cross-linking by advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) that accumulate with both age and disease. While such cross-links are believed to alter(More)
OBJECTIVE This study addresses the biomechanical response of isolated kidneys to traumatic insult. METHODS Kidneys were subjected to blunt impact by using a freely swinging right cylindrical pendulum. Force-deformation characteristics were derived for 65 impacted adult pig kidneys. Renal injuries were classified by autopsy, and an injury risk analysis was(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Injuries in energy-storing tendons are common in both horses and man. The high prevalence of reinjury and the relatively poor prognosis for returning to preinjury performance levels warrant further research, for which well characterised models would be very helpful. OBJECTIVES Given the clinical similarities in tendinopathy of(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of abdominal injury mechanisms, development of effective countermeasures, and refinement of clinical approach to injury treatment are greatly facilitated by the employment of numerical models that can predict injuries resulting from complicated soft tissue interactions during blunt abdominal impact. METHODS The present study(More)