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Meteorin is a newly discovered secreted protein involved in both glial and neuronal cell differentiation, as well as in cerebral angiogenesis during development; but effects in the adult nervous system are unknown. The growth factor-like properties and expression of Meteorin during the development of the nervous system raises the possibility that it might(More)
Artemin and its receptors are upregulated in the auditory nerve of deafened rats as a possible intrinsic protective mechanism against ototoxicity-related apoptosis. Consequently, we examined the effect of artemin on spiral ganglion neurons in vitro and in vivo. Spiral ganglion neurons were isolated from neonatal rats and cultured in serum-free medium(More)
Neural stem cells constitute a promising source of cells for transplantation in Parkinson's disease, but a protocol for controlled dopaminergic differentiation is not yet available. Here we investigated the effect of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-x(L) and oxygen tension on dopaminergic differentiation and survival of a human ventral mesencephalic stem cell(More)
Multipotent stem/progenitor cells derived from human first trimester forebrain can be expanded as free-floating aggregates, so called neurospheres. These cells can differentiate into neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. In vitro differentiation protocols normally yield gamma-aminobutyric acid-immunoreactive neurons, whereas only few tyrosine(More)
This paper focuses on the amino acid sequence 708-TGDGVNDSPALKK in pig kidney Na,K-ATPase as one of the best conserved among P-type ATPases. In Ca-ATPase this sequence forms a strand-loop-helix structure as part of a Rossman fold next to the phosphorylation site. Substitution of polar residues in the investigated sequence interfered with high-level(More)
Affymetrix GeneChip technology and quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) were used to examine changes in gene expression in the adult murine substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) following lentiviral glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) delivery in adult striatum. We identified several genes that were upregulated after GDNF treatment. Among these,(More)
Growth factors control cellular growth, proliferation, and differentiation and may have therapeutic applications. In this study, we focus on Meteorin which is a member of a largely uncharacterized evolutionary conserved two-member growth factor family. Our analysis shows that Meteorin is expressed in the central nervous system both during development and in(More)
Ischemic stroke affecting the adult brain causes increased progenitor proliferation in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and generation of neuroblasts, which migrate into the damaged striatum and differentiate to mature neurons. Meteorin (METRN), a newly discovered neurotrophic factor, is highly expressed in neural progenitor cells and immature neurons during(More)
Neurotrophic factors are secreted proteins responsible for migration, growth and survival of neurons during development, and for maintenance and plasticity of adult neurons. Here we present a novel secreted protein named Cometin which together with Meteorin defines a new evolutionary conserved protein family. During early mouse development, Cometin is found(More)
The ten-transmembrane Na,K-ATPase alpha-subunit exposes very few amino acids to the extra membrane space except for an approximately 408 residue-long loop between transmembrane segments four and five. The present paper focuses on the role of this loop in biosynthesis of functional Na,K-ATPase. Expression of 39 mutations in this loop to phylogenetically(More)