Jesper Nielsen

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1. The effect of magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex on the excitability of soleus, tibialis anterior and flexor carpi radialis motoneurones was investigated by H reflex testing in ten healthy subjects. 2. At rest, an early facilitation of the flexor capri radialis and tibialis anterior H reflexes was always seen, whereas a similar early(More)
Comprehensive knowledge regarding Saccharomyces cerevisiae has accumulated over time, and today S. cerevisiae serves as a widley used biotechnological production organism as well as a eukaryotic model system. The high transformation efficiency, in addition to the availability of the complete yeast genome sequence, has facilitated genetic manipulation of(More)
A stoichiometric model describing the anaerobic metabolism of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during growth on a defined medium was derived. The model was used to calculate intracellular fluxes based on measurements of the uptake of substrates from the medium, the secretion of products from the cells, and of the rate of biomass formation. Furthermore, measurements(More)
The network structure and the metabolic fluxes in central carbon metabolism were characterized in aerobically grown cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The cells were grown under both high and low glucose concentrations, i.e., either in a chemostat at steady state with a specific growth rate of 0.1 h(-1) or in a batch culture with a specific growth rate of(More)
1. Sensory feedback plays a major role in the regulation of the spinal neural locomotor circuitry in cats. The present study investigated whether sensory feedback also plays an important role during walking in 20 healthy human subjects, by arresting or unloading the ankle extensors 6 deg for 210 ms in the stance phase of gait. 2. During the stance phase of(More)
Indirect evidence that the motor cortex and the corticospinal tract contribute to the control of walking in human subjects has been provided in previous studies. In the present study we used coherence analysis of the coupling between EEG and EMG from active leg muscles during human walking to address if activity arising in the motor cortex contributes to(More)
1. The involvement of the motor cortex during human walking was evaluated using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex at a variety of intensities. Recordings of EMG activity in tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus muscles during walking were rectified and averaged. 2. TMS of low intensity (below threshold for a motor-evoked potential,(More)
1. Reciprocal inhibition between antagonist muscle groups at the ankle has been investigated in sixty healthy subjects. Hoffmann reflexes (H reflexes) in the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles were used to assess changes in reciprocal inhibition evoked by electrical stimulation of antagonist muscle nerves. 2. Inhibition of the soleus H reflex was evoked(More)
1. The objective of this study was to determine which afferents contribute to the medium latency response of the soleus stretch reflex resulting from an unexpected perturbation during human walking. 2. Fourteen healthy subjects walked on a treadmill at approximately 3.5 km h(-1) with the left ankle attached to a portable stretching device. The soleus(More)
Knowledge of the complete isotopomer distribution represents the ultimate amount of information on the labeling pattern of a metabolite. One technique for measuring the isotopomer distributions is the analysis of the multiplet intensities arising from the 13C-13C couplings in NMR spectroscopy. While this technique has proven to be very valuable in the(More)