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Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is an important analyte in clinical and forensic toxicology with a narrow detection window of 3-6 h. In the search of improved detection methods, the existence in vivo of a glucuronated GHB metabolite (GHB-GLUC) was hypothesized. Chemically pure standards of GHB-GLUC and a deuterated analogue for chromatography were(More)
2-([2-(4-cyano-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethylamino]methyl)phenol (25CN-NBOH) is structurally similar to N-benzyl substituted phenethylamine hallucinogens currently emerging as drugs of abuse. 25CN-NBOH exhibits dramatic selectivity for 5-HT2A receptors in vitro, but has not been behaviorally characterized. 25CN-NBOH was compared to the traditional phenethylamine(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptors with agonist tracers holds promise for the selective labelling of 5-HT2A receptors in their high-affinity state. We have previously validated [11C]Cimbi-5 and found that it is a 5-HT2A receptor agonist PET tracer. In an attempt to further optimize the target-to-background binding(More)
N-Benzyl substitution of 5-HT2A receptor agonists of the phenethylamine structural class of psychedelics (such as 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine, often referred to as 2C-B) confer a significant increase in binding affinity as well as functional activity of the receptor. We have prepared a series of 48 compounds with structural variations in both the(More)
2,5-Dimethoxyphenethylamines and their N-benzylated derivatives are potent 5-HT2A agonists with psychedelic effects in humans. The N-benzylated derivatives are among the most selective 5-HT2A agonists currently available and their usage as biochemical and brain imaging tools is increasing, yet very little is known about the relationships between the(More)
Methylated lysines are important epigenetic marks. The enzymes involved in demethylation have recently been discovered and found to be involved in cancer development and progression. Despite the relative recent discovery of these enzymes a number of inhibitors have already appeared. Most of the inhibitors are either previously reported inhibitors of related(More)
A series of substituted 1-hydroxypyrazole analogues of the GABA(A) receptor partial agonist 5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol (4-PIOL) have been synthesized and pharmacologically characterized. Several of the analogues displayed K(i) in the low nanomolar range at the native GABA(A) receptors and potent antagonism of the alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2) receptor. It(More)
A series of bioisosteric 4-(aminomethyl)-1-hydroxypyrazole (4-AHP) analogues of muscimol, a GABA(A) receptor agonist, has been synthesized and pharmacologically characterized at native and selected recombinant GABA(A) receptors. The unsubstituted 4-AHP analogue (2a) (EC(50) 19 μM, R(max) 69%) was a moderately potent agonist at human α(1)β(2)γ(2) GABA(A)(More)
The structural basis for partial agonism at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors is currently unresolved. We have characterized several partial agonists at the NR1/NR2B receptor and investigated the mechanisms underlying their reduced efficacy by introducing mutations in the glutamate binding site. Key residues were selected for mutation based on(More)
The dimethoxyphenyl-N-((2-methoxyphenyl)methyl)ethanamine (NBOMe) compounds are potent serotonin 5-HT2A receptor agonists and have recently been subject to recreational use due to their hallucinogenic effects. Use of NBOMe compounds has been known since 2011, and several non-fatal and fatal intoxication cases have been reported in the scientific literature.(More)