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OBJECTIVE To examine the safety, effectiveness, and cost effectiveness of long acting insulin for type 1 diabetes. DESIGN Systematic review and network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, and grey literature were searched through January 2013. STUDY SELECTION Randomized controlled trials or(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid reviews are a form of knowledge synthesis in which components of the systematic review process are simplified or omitted to produce information in a timely manner. Although numerous centers are conducting rapid reviews internationally, few studies have examined the methodological characteristics of rapid reviews. We aimed to examine(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonists are a class of antiemetic medications often used to prevent nausea and vomiting among patients undergoing chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery. However, recent studies suggest that these agents might be associated with increased cardiac harm. To examine this further, we are proposing to conduct a systematic(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonists are commonly used to decrease nausea and vomiting for surgery patients. We conducted a systematic review on the comparative efficacy of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. METHODS Searches were done in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify studies comparing 5-HT3(More)
BACKGROUND A knowledge synthesis attempts to summarize all pertinent studies on a specific question, can improve the understanding of inconsistencies in diverse evidence, and can identify gaps in research evidence to define future research agendas. Knowledge synthesis activities in healthcare have largely focused on systematic reviews of interventions.(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonists are commonly used to decrease nausea and vomiting for surgery patients, but these agents may be harmful. We conducted a systematic review on the comparative safety of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. METHODS Searches were done in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to(More)
OBJECTIVES To solicit experiences with and perceptions of rapid reviews from stakeholders, including researchers, policy makers, industry, journal editors, and health care providers. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING An international survey of rapid review producers and modified Delphi. RESULTS Forty rapid review producers responded on our survey (63% response(More)
BACKGROUND Frequent users of health care services are a relatively small group of patients who account for a disproportionately large amount of health care utilization. We conducted a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of interventions to improve the coordination of care to reduce health care utilization in this patient group. METHODS We searched MEDLINE,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors versus intermediate-acting insulin for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and poor glycaemic control despite treatment with two oral agents. SETTING Studies were multicentre and multinational. PARTICIPANTS Ten studies including 2967 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and effectiveness of long-acting β-antagonists (LABA), long-acting antimuscarinic agents (LAMA) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for managing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). SETTING Systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA). PARTICIPANTS 208 randomised clinical trials (RCTs) including 134,692 adults(More)