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Serotonin (5-HT) has been implicated in the control of eating behavior and body weight. Stimulants of this monoamine reduce food intake and weight gain and increase energy expenditure, both in animals and in humans. This article reviews evidence that supports a role for hypothalamic serotonergic receptor mechanisms in the mediation of these effects. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize and compare three obesity-prone inbred strains, AKR/J, DBA/2J and C57BL/6J, to three control strains, C3H/HeJ, BALB/cByJ and C57L/J, selected based on their normal eating patterns and moderate weight gain on high-calorie diets. METHODS AND PROCEDURES These six strains were examined at 5 weeks of age while still of normal body(More)
Serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT)] in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of rats has a suppressive effect on feeding behavior and causes a selective decrease in carbohydrate ingestion, specifically at the onset of the natural (dark) feeding period. Studies conducted here provide further evidence for this phenomena, showing a similar dose-related decrease(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), which is synthesized in neurons of the arcuate nucleus (ARC) that project to different hypothalamic nuclei, is known to have potent effects on eating behavior and hormone secretion after hypothalamic administration. To test the hypothesis that endogenous NPY is essential for the normal expression of these responses, the present study(More)
The physiological function of the peptide galanin (Gal) remains to be established. It is known to exist in high concentrations within the hypothalamus and to modulate the secretion of specific hormones, as well as to potentiate food consumption. Our study provides evidence for an essential function of neuronal Gal, within a specific hypothalamic area, in(More)
Previous studies in male rats have demonstrated that the orexigenic peptide galanin (GAL), in neurones of the anterior parvocellular region of the paraventricular nucleus (aPVN) projecting to the median eminence (ME), is stimulated by consumption of a high-fat diet and may have a role in the hyperphagia induced by fat. In addition to confirming this(More)
The peptide, galanin (GAL), is known to stimulate eating behavior, reduce energy expenditure and affect the release of metabolic hormones. Further, the activity of this peptide in the hypothalamus is modulated, in turn, by these hormones as well as by the ingestion of nutrients. The focus of this investigation is on signals related to nutrient metabolism(More)
To differentiate NPY receptor subtypes, Y1 and Y2, in terms of their impact on feeding behavior, the intact molecule NPY(1-36) and the 3 fragments, NPY(2-36), the Y1 agonist [Leu31,Pro34]NPY, and the Y2 agonist NPY(13-36), were injected (100 pmol/0.3 microliters) into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of freely feeding rats. A(More)
Patterns of eating behavior, body weight gain, and hormone changes were examined in normal-weight albino Sprague-Dawley rats on macronutrient diets. These diets consisted of either three separate jars with pure macronutrients, fat, carbohydrate and protein, from which to choose, or a single diet with different concentrations of fat and carbohydrate. Similar(More)