Jesús M. Paramio

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The intermediate filament cytoskeleton is composed of keratins in all epithelial cells and imparts mechanical integrity to these cells. However, beyond this shared function, the functional significance of the carefully regulated tissue- and differentiation-specific expression of the large keratin family of cytoskeletal proteins remains unclear. We recently(More)
BACKGROUND The CDKN2/INK4A tumour suppressor gene is deleted or mutated in a large number of human cancers. Overexpression of its product, p16, has been shown to block the transition through the G1/S phase of the cell cycle in a pRb-dependent fashion by inhibiting the cyclin D-dependent kinases cdk4 and cdk6. Reconstitution of p16 function in transformed(More)
The transcriptional regulators that couple interfollicular basal keratinocyte proliferation arrest to commitment and differentiation are yet to be identified. Here we report that the basic region leucine zipper transcription factors C/EBPalpha and C/EBPbeta are co-expressed in basal keratinocytes, and are coordinately upregulated as keratinocytes exit the(More)
The tumour suppressor PTEN, also named MMAC1 or TEP1, is associated with a number of malignancies in human populations. This protein has a dual protein phosphatase activity, being also capable to dephosphorylate phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 triphosphate. We have studied the mechanism of growth suppression attributable to PTEN. We observed that PTEN(More)
Loss of thyroid hormone receptors (TR) is a common feature in some tumors, although their role in tumor progression is currently unknown. We show here that expression of TRbeta1 in hepatocarcinoma and breast cancer cells reduces tumor growth, causes partial mesenchymal-to-epithelial cell transition, and has a striking inhibitory effect on invasiveness,(More)
When PI3K (phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase) is activated by receptor tyrosine kinases, it phosphorylates PIP2 to generate PIP3 and activates the signaling pathway. Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 dephosphorylates PIP3 to PIP2, and thus, negatively regulates the pathway. AKT (v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog; protein kinase(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) control crucial physiological processes and their dysfunction contributes to various human diseases, including cancer. The orphan GPCR GPR55 was identified and cloned more than a decade ago, but very little is known about its physio-pathological relevance. It has been recently shown that GPR55 controls the behavior of(More)
The PI3K/PTEN/Akt signaling pathway has emerged in recent years as a main player in human cancers, increasing proliferation and decreasing apoptosis of transformed cells, and thus becoming a potential target for therapeutic intervention. Our previous data have demonstrated that Akt-mediated signaling is of a key relevance in the mouse skin carcinogenesis(More)
The mouse skin carcinogenesis protocol is a unique model for understanding the molecular events leading to oncogenic transformation. Mutations in the Ha-ras gene, and the presence of functional cyclin D1 and the EGF receptor, have proven to be important in this system. However, the signal transduction pathways connecting these elements during mouse skin(More)
The members of the large keratin family of cytoskeletal proteins are expressed in a carefully regulated tissue- and differentiation-specific manner. Although these proteins are thought to be involved in imparting mechanical integrity to epithelial cells, the functional significance of their complex differential expression is still unclear. Here we provide(More)