Jesús Giraldo

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The sigma-1 (σ(1) ) receptor is a ligand-regulated molecular chaperone that has been involved in pain, but there is limited understanding of the actions associated with its pharmacological modulation. Indeed, the selectivity and pharmacological properties of σ(1) receptor ligands used as pharmacological tools are unclear and the(More)
Exposure of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to alkaline stress resulted in adaptive changes that involved remodeling the gene expression. Recent evidence suggested that the calcium-activated protein phosphatase calcineurin could play a role in alkaline stress signaling. By using an aequorin luminescence reporter, we showed that alkaline stress resulted(More)
E-6837 is a novel, selective and high-affinity 5-HT(6) receptor ligand (pK(i): 9.13) which in vitro demonstrates partial agonism at a presumably silent rat 5-HT(6) receptor and full agonism at a constitutively active human 5-HT(6) receptor by monitoring the cAMP signaling pathway.The effects of chronic treatment with E-6837 were determined in diet-induced(More)
1 Our aim was to study the role of nitric oxide (NO) and arachidonic acid pathways in the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor-mediated vasoconstriction in mesenteric resistance arteries from 3--4 and 22 to 23-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats. 2 The expression of NO synthase (NOS), cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms, soluble guanylate cyclase, superoxide dismutase and the NAD(P)H(More)
The present study was designed to analyze the effect of long-term incubation with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on endothelium-dependent relaxation in rat mesenteric resistance arteries. Vessels were incubated in culture medium with or without IL-1beta (10 ng/ml, 14 h). Changes in lumen diameter were recorded in a pressure myograph. Protein expression,(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent the major target for drug development. Although these receptors can activate their cognate G-proteins in a monomeric form, it is now recognized that they can assemble into dimers, or larger oligomers. However, the functional consequences of such receptor assembly remain elusive. Recent data revealed an(More)
The alpha 2-adrenoceptors located prejunctionally on the postganglionic neurons that innervate the smooth muscle of the prostatic portion of the rat vas deferens were examined. For this purpose, three imidazolidine derivatives (structurally related to clonidine) were studied for their effects on twitch contractions elicited by electrical field stimulation(More)
Modeling the shape of concentration-effect curves is of prime importance in pharmacology. Geometric descriptors characterizing these curves (the upper and lower asymptotes, the mid-point, the mid-point slope, and the point of inflection) are used for drug comparison or for assessing the change in agonist function after a system modification. The symmetry or(More)
1. Purinergic and adrenergic components of the contractile response to electrical field stimulation (EFS) have been investigated in epididymal and prostatic portions of Wystar Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) vas deferens. 2. In both halves of SHR and WKY vas deferens, EFS (40 V, 0.5 ms for 30 s, 0.5-32 Hz) evoked frequency-related(More)