BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The sigma-1 (σ(1) ) receptor is a ligand-regulated molecular chaperone that has been involved in pain, but there is limited understanding of the actions associated with its pharmacological modulation. Indeed, the selectivity and pharmacological properties of σ(1) receptor ligands used as pharmacological tools are unclear and the… (More)
The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) 2A receptor is a cell surface class A G protein-coupled receptor that regulates a multitude of physiological functions of the body and is a target for antipsychotic drugs. Here we found by means of fluorescence resonance energy transfer and immunoprecipitation studies that the 5-HT(2A)-receptor homodimerized in live… (More)
Mechanistic and empirical modelling are compared in context of dimeric receptors. In particular, the supposed advantages of the two-state dimer model for fitting of binding data with respect to classical approaches such as the two-independent sites model are investigated. The two models are revisited from both the mechanistic and empirical point of views.… (More)
A mathematical model for the binding and function of metabotropic glutamate receptors was developed, with the aim to gain new insights into the functioning of these complex receptors. These receptors are homodimers, and each subunit is composed of a ligand binding [Venus flytrap (VFT)] domain and a heptahelical domain (HD) responsible for G-protein… (More)
Modeling the shape of concentration-effect curves is of prime importance in pharmacology. Geometric descriptors characterizing these curves (the upper and lower asymptotes, the mid-point, the mid-point slope, and the point of inflection) are used for drug comparison or for assessing the change in agonist function after a system modification. The symmetry or… (More)
Transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat alters vessel properties, and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) show a poorer outcome after ischemia. In the present study we examined the role of hypertension on vessel properties after ischemia-reperfusion. The right middle cerebral artery (MCA) was occluded (90 min) and reperfused (24 h) in SHR (n = 12)… (More)
G Protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are integral cell membrane proteins of great relevance for pharmacology due to their role in transducing extracellular signals. The 3-D structure is unknown for most of them, and the investigation of their structure-function relationships usually relies on the construction of 3-D receptor models from amino acid sequence… (More)
A kernel version of Generative Topographic Mapping, a model of the manifold learning family, is defined in this paper. Its ability to adequately model non-i.i.d. data is illustrated in a problem concerning the identification of protein subfamilies from protein sequences.