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The alpha2/delta1 subunit forms part of the dihydropyridine receptor, an essential protein complex for excitation-contraction (EC) coupling in skeletal muscle. Because of the lack of a viable knock-out animal, little is known regarding the role of the alpha2/delta1 subunit in EC coupling or in other cell functions. Interestingly, the alpha2/delta1 appears(More)
Differential effects of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been demonstrated on adipose tissue physiology. Facing to the widely recognized beneficial effects of n-3 PUFAs, the n-6 PUFA effects remain controversial. Thus, we further analyzed the linoleic acid (LA) influence on adipocyte functions. To this aim, we treated by LA(More)
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The cardiac L-type calcium current (I(Ca)) can be modified by activation of protein kinase C (PKC). However, the effect of PKC activation on I(Ca) is still controversial. Some studies have shown a decrease in current, whereas other studies have reported a biphasic effect (an increase followed by a decrease in current or vice versa). A possible explanation(More)
To activate skeletal muscle contraction, action potentials must be sensed by dihydropyridine receptors (DHPRs) in the T tubule, which signal the Ca(2+) release channels or ryanodine receptors (RyRs) in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to open. We demonstrate here an inhibitory effect of the T tubule on the production of sparks of Ca(2+) release. Murine(More)
Most adult mammalian skeletal muscles contain only one isoform of ryanodine receptor (RyR1), whereas neonatal muscles contain two isoforms (RyR1 and RyR3). Membrane depolarization fails to evoke calcium release in muscle cells lacking RyR1, demonstrating an essential role for this isoform in excitation-contraction coupling. In contrast, the role of RyR3 is(More)
This paper describes some key points of a new tool being currently developed by Eurocontrol for the assessment of air traffic control (ATC) multisensor trackers performance. It summarizes the algorithmic foundations of the high-accuracy trajectory reconstruction process used to obtain reference trajectories from recorded measures. These trajectories will(More)
The recent interest in the surveillance of public, military, and commercial scenarios is increasing the need to develop and deploy intelligent and/or automated distributed visual surveillance systems. Many applications based on distributed resources use the so-called software agent technology. In this paper, a multi-agent framework is applied to coordinate(More)
Microtubule disassembly by colchicine increases spontaneous beating of neonatal cardiac myocytes by an unknown mechanism. Here, we measure drug effects on spontaneous calcium transients and whole cell ionic currents to define the route between microtubule depolymerization and the increase in the rate of contraction. Colchicine treatment disassembles(More)