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Antioxidant activity of a number of small (low molecular weight) natural compounds found in spices, condiments or drugs (gallic acid, sesamol, eugenol, thymol, carvacrol, vanillin, salicylaldehyde, limonene, geraniol, 4-hexylresorcinol, etc.) has been evaluated using electrochemical and DPPH• radical scavenging measurements. Structural analysis of the(More)
The biosynthetic origin of most of triterpenes lies in cascade cyclizations and rearrangements of the acyclic precursors squalene (S) and 2,3-oxidosqualene (OS), processes leading to tetra- and pentacyclic triterpene skeleta. Apart from these, a number of triterpenoid structures derived from cyclization processes, that are different from those leading to(More)
Five new abietanes, three of them isolated as the corresponding acetate derivatives, i.e., 9alpha,13alpha-epidioxiabiet-8(14)-en-18-ol, 7alpha,18-diacetoxy, 9beta,13beta-epidioxiabiet-8(14)-ene, 7alpha,18-diacetoxyabiet-8(14)-en-13beta-ol, 7alpha,18-diacetoxy-13beta-methoxyabiet-8(14)-ene, and 13beta-hydroxyabiet-8(14)-en-7-one, were isolated from the(More)
The first total synthesis of potent anti-inflammatory polypodanes (+)-myrrhanol A (1), (+)-myrrhanone A (2), (+)-myrrhanone B (3), and (+)-myrrhanol B (4) has been achieved. Key steps in our convergent, highly stereocontrolled route are a Ti(III)-mediated radical cyclization of a chiral monoepoxide to furnish a bicyclic synthon that combines(More)
Communic acids are diterpenes with labdane skeletons found in many plant species, mainly conifers, predominating in the genus Juniperus (fam. Cupresaceae). In this review we briefly describe their distribution and different biological activities (anti- bacterial, antitumoral, hypolipidemic, relaxing smooth muscle, etc.). This paper also includes a detailed(More)
The main objective of this work was the incorporation of reactive isocyanate groups into chitin and chitosan in order to effectively use the products as reactive thickening agents in castor oil. The resulting gel-like dispersions could be potentially used as biodegradable lubricating greases. Three different NCO-functionalized polymers were obtained: two of(More)
The first total synthesis of (-)-achilleol B was achieved using a convergent approach with a longest linear sequence of 14 steps. Three key steps were employed, including an enantioselective Robinson annelation for the construction of the bicyclic moiety. The monocyclic synthon was prepared through a Ti(III)-mediated cylization of a chiral monoepoxide(More)
The antioxidant activity of 14 compounds (1-14) isolated from the ether and butanolic extracts of the aerial parts of Ophryosporus heptanthus has been assayed using a beta-carotene bleaching method and the DPPH technique. Compounds 1 and 13 showed the most potent antioxidant activity. Their structures have been established by spectroscopic techniques(More)
[reaction: see text] The Ti(III)-catalyzed reaction of a series of vinylepoxides leads, with regio- and E-diastereoselectivity control, to good-to-excellent yields of the corresponding homocoupling products. This homocoupling reaction, which involves a new C-C bond-forming method, takes place via a S(N)2' process between an allyltitanium species and the(More)