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Puzzled by recent reports of differences in specific ligand binding to muscle Ca2+ channels, we quantitatively compared the flux of Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in skeletal muscle fibers of an amphibian (frog) and a mammal (rat), voltage clamped in a double Vaseline gap chamber. The determinations of release flux were carried out by the(More)
C2 domains are widespread protein modules that often occur as tandem repeats in many membrane-trafficking proteins such as synaptotagmin and rabphilin. The first and second C2 domains (C2A and C2B, respectively) have a high degree of homology but also specific differences. The structure of the C2A domain of synaptotagmin I has been extensively studied but(More)
1. Fluo-3 fluorescence associated with Ca2+ release was recorded with confocal microscopy in single muscle fibres mechanically dissected from fast twitch muscle of rats or frogs, voltage clamped in a two Vaseline-gap chamber. 2. Interventions that elicited Ca2+ sparks in frog skeletal muscle (low voltage depolarizations, application of caffeine) generated(More)
In both skeletal and cardiac muscle, the dihydropyridine (DHP) receptor is a critical element in excitation-contraction (e-c) coupling. However, the mechanism for calcium release is completely different in these muscles. In cardiac muscle the DHP receptor functions as a rapidly-activated calcium channel and the influx of calcium through this channel induces(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize excitation-contraction (e-c) coupling in myotubes for comparison with e-c coupling of adult skeletal muscle. The whole cell configuration of the patch clamp technique was used in conjunction with the calcium indicator dye Fluo-3 to study the calcium transients and slow calcium currents elicited by voltage clamp(More)
1. The Vaseline-gap voltage clamp technique was used to record dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive Ca2+ currents (ICa) and charge movement in single cut fibres from the rat extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) immunoglobulin G (IgG) action on ICa and charge movement has been characterized. 2. ALS IgG reduced ICa amplitude.(More)
Ca2+ currents (ICa) and myoplasmic Ca2+ transients were simultaneously recorded in single muscle fibers from the semitendinosus muscle of Rana pipiens. The vaseline-gap voltage-clamp technique was used. Ca2+ transients were recorded with the metallochromic indicator dye antipyrylazo III. Ca2+ transients consisted of an early fast rising phase followed by a(More)
1. Charge movement and myoplasmic calcium transients were simultaneously recorded from frog skeletal muscle fibres by using the double-seal Vaseline-gap technique. Calcium transients were monitored with the fluorescent indicator Rhod-2. 2. Ryanodine modified the kinetics and the total amount of charge moved during depolarizing pulses (Q(on)), while it did(More)
Calcium channels modulate cell function by controlling Ca(2+) influx. A main component of these proteins is the alpha 2/delta subunit. Nevertheless, how this subunit regulates channel activity in situ is unclear. Gabapentin (GBP), an analgesic and anti-epileptic agent with an unknown mechanism of action, specifically binds to the alpha 2/delta subunit.(More)
The alpha2/delta1 subunit forms part of the dihydropyridine receptor, an essential protein complex for excitation-contraction (EC) coupling in skeletal muscle. Because of the lack of a viable knock-out animal, little is known regarding the role of the alpha2/delta1 subunit in EC coupling or in other cell functions. Interestingly, the alpha2/delta1 appears(More)