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We define an effective Lagrangian statistical model in phase space (x, t, v) for describing transport in highly heterogeneous velocity fields with complex spatial organizations. The spatial Markovian nature (and temporal non-Markovian nature) of Lagrangian velocities leads to an effective transport description that turns out to be a correlated continuous(More)
Mixing is increasingly recognized as a critical process for understanding and modeling reactive transport. Yet, mixing is hard to characterize because it depends nonlinearly on concentrations. Visualization of optical tracers in the laboratory at high spatial and temporal resolution can help advance the study of mixing processes. The solute distribution is(More)
The correct characterization of the effective reactive transport dynamics is an important issue for modeling reactive transport on the Darcy scale, specifically in situations in which reactions are localized, that is when different reactions occur in different portions of the porous medium. Under such conditions the conventional approach of homogenizing(More)
Sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO 2) in deep saline aquifers has emerged as an option for reducing greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. The large amounts of supercritical CO 2 that need to be injected into deep saline aquifers may cause large fluid pressure increases. The resulting overpressure may promote reactivation of sealed fractures or the(More)
Remediation of contaminated aquifers demands a reliable characterization of hydraulic connectivity patterns. Hydraulic diffusivity is possibly the best indicator of connectivity. It can be derived using the tidal response method (TRM), which is based on fitting observations to a closed-form solution. Unfortunately, the conventional TRM assumes homogeneity.(More)
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