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The neuronal circuits involved in the regulation of feeding behavior and energy expenditure are soft-wired, reflecting the relative activity of the postsynaptic neuronal system, including the anorexigenic proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-expressing cells of the arcuate nucleus. We analyzed the synaptic input organization of the melanocortin system in lean rats(More)
Coeliac disease in children is frequently associated with a slow growth rate. This observation may be linked to the malabsorption that occurs in these patients; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. To better understand this phenomenon, we have studied the growth patterns of 153 patients with coeliac disease for 2-9 years. Gastro-intestinal(More)
Beneficial effects of GH on memory, mental alertness, and motivation have been documented. Many actions of GH are mediated through IGF-I; hence, we investigated whether systemic administration of GH or GH-releasing peptide (GHRP)-6 modulates the brain IGF system. Treatment of adult male rats with GHRP-6 or GH for 1 wk significantly increased IGF-I mRNA(More)
The normal values of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) after extraction, their binding proteins, and the high affinity GH-binding protein are not well established in infancy or childhood. We report the relationship between serum IGF-I, IGF-II, their binding proteins IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3, and GH-binding protein in 600 normal Spanish children who were divided(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of gestational age and fetal growth restriction on the cord blood adipokine profile, IGF1, and ghrelin levels, and their relationship with glucose metabolism. STUDY DESIGN One hundred and ninety newborns (99 preterm and 91 full term) were studied and, according to their anthropometry at birth, classified as small (SGA)(More)
Kisspeptin, the product of the hypothalamic KISS1 gene, is a main regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and could be a link between metabolism and reproduction through its interaction with leptin. Kisspeptin could be involved in gonadotropin regulation and responsive to leptin levels from the first stages of life, exhibiting, as does leptin,(More)
Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD) is a pseudoautosomal dominant disorder characterized by disproportionate short stature and a characteristic curving of the radius, known as the "Madelung deformity." SHOX mutations resulting in SHOX haploinsufficiency have been found in LWD and in a variable proportion of patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS),(More)
We have studied the GH-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis in patients with anorexia nervosa at the time of diagnosis and at two points during weight recuperation. We report their spontaneous GH secretion and IGF-I, free IGF-I (fIGF-I), IGF-II, the IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3), and GH-binding protein (GHBP) levels at the time of(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to establish normative data for spontaneous and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-stimulated serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels measured by new immunochemiluminometric assays (ICMA) in children and adolescents. METHODS Random serum samples were obtained from 375 normal subjects (0.1 to 17.7(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Our aim was to evaluate the growth-promoting effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment in infants with chronic renal failure (CRF) and persistent growth retardation despite adequate nutritional and metabolic management. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS The study design included randomized, parallel groups in an open,(More)