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The variability of Apis mellifera mellifera in Eastern Europe was investigated with a morphometric analysis of 136 samples from Poland, Belarus and the Ukraine. Samples from the northern part of this area were unambiguously classified as A. m. mellifera, but the proportion of uncertain allocations increased towards the south, where some samples were(More)
In the course of a screening program for lung cancer detection which has been going on for several years, 2432 male risk persons, aged 42-67, were examined cytologically in 1974 and 1975. The annual rate of incidence of lung cancer in this population is unknown. We estimate it at 3-4%. From two sputa of each patient we screened one specimen. 24.7% of the(More)
There is wide variation in the management of patients with mechanical prosthetic valves who are taking anticoagulants and who require non-cardiac surgery. In this paper, we outline a pragmatic, practical approach to the adjustment of anticoagulation in relation to both the degrees of surgical trauma during oral and maxillofacial surgery and the risk of(More)
OBJECTIVE After the Fontan operation the right atrium and, thus, the coronary sinus are connected to the pulmonary arterial system, which causes the coronary venous pressure to increase. We investigated the acute effects of elevation of coronary venous pressure on baseline hemodynamics, coronary venous flow, and left ventricular contractility. METHODS In(More)
  • J Wilde
  • 1989
A prospective and controlled study for early detection of lung cancer in the county of Erfurt with a follow-up of 10 years is presented. A collective of 41,532 males born between 1907 and 1932 was screened by chest fluorography at 6 month intervals and compared with a control group consisting of 102,348 males of the same age, who were screened at intervals(More)
The cardiocirculatory responses to equianaesthetic concentrations (MAC 0.5 and MAC 1.0 plus 67% N2O) of halothane, methoxyflurane, enflurane and isoflurane were studied in a total of 35 closed-chest dogs during ventilation controlled to produce normocapnia. Each anaesthetic produced a dose-related decrease in mean arterial pressure and in values reflecting(More)
Defense behavior of three, free living giant (Megapis) honey bee subspecies, Apis laboriosa, A. dorsata dorsata and A. dorsata breviligula, was compared. Disturbed worker bees responded with characteristic dorso-ventral defense body twisting (DBT). Workers of A. laboriosa twisted the thorax by 55°, and the two other A. dorsata subspecies by about 10° more.(More)
Northern Poland is inhabited by native Apis mellifera mellifera (AMM) and the non-native A. m. carnica (AMC) which was introduced by beekeepers. However, hybrids between the two subspecies of honey bee are relatively rare. The lower than expected proportion of hybrids is hypothesised to be related to reproductive isolation between AMM and AMC. To verify(More)
Oxidative stress is defined as a disturbance in the balance between the production of reactive oxygen species and antioxidant defences. We measured total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in honeybee haemolymph and seminal plasma and analysed TAC of haemolymph in relation to age and exposure to pesticide. TAC of haemolymph increased with age of bees (1.18 vs 1.97(More)